The Social Security Administration (SSA) will initiate a national demonstration to test alternate methods of treating work activity in the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) program. The purpose of the Benefit Offset projects is to determine the effect of various interventions, in combination with a benefit offset, on employment outcomes including wages, benefits, hours worked, and job retention. In addition, SSA recently modified this project to include a test of an early intervention strategy that will focus on disability applicants. This aspect of the national benefit offset demonstration replaces the early intervention project formerly described on this site.
The Benefit Offset National Demonstration began implementation in FY 2010. Enrollment and recruitment ended September 2012.
What States/Locations are involved?
The demonstration project will be conducted in the following SSA Regions/Areas:
Area 1 – Alabama
Area 2 – South Florida
Area 3 – Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, and part of Massachusetts
Area 2 – Wisconsin
Area 3 – Michigan
Area 2 – SE Texas
Area 2 – Colorado, and Wyoming
New York Region:
Area 3 – Upper New York State
Area 3 – Silver Springs Maryland, DC, Virginia, and West Virginia
San Francisco Region:
Area 8 – Arizona, and S. California
How does it work?
In the Benefit Offset demonstration, SSA will conduct tests of a $1 reduction in benefits for every $2 in earnings over Substantial Gainful Activity (SGA) levels in combination with a variety of employment supports, with the goal of helping beneficiaries with disabilities return to work. The project will allow beneficiaries to face this gradual reduction in their benefits, eliminating the abrupt loss of cash benefits in the SSDI disability program when a beneficiary works and has earnings over a specific amount. Participants will maintain ongoing eligibility for health care benefits and other supports linked to SSDI eligibility.
In addition, SSA also will test early intervention strategies designed to help disability applicants return to work rather than continue through SSA’s disability determination process. Participants in this component of the demonstration project will receive a wide range of employment supports closer to the onset of disability in an effort to maintain their connection to the workforce and prevent dependence on cash benefits.
What Are SSA's Expectations?
SSA anticipates that the strategies developed for this project will reduce barriers to work for both applicants and beneficiaries, and allow them to maintain or increase their employment, earnings and financial independence. The national demonstration will use information gathered from the Four-State Pilot project.
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