Senate Hearings on 1935 Bill
Shortly after the 74th Congress convened in January 1935, President
Roosevelt sent his "Economic Security Bill" to Capitol Hill.
The Administration proposal was transmitted to the Congress on January
17, 1935 and it was introduced that same day in the Senate by Senator
Robert Wagner (D-NY) and in the House by Congressman Robert Doughton (D-NC)
and David Lewis (D-MD). The bill was referred to Senate Finance Committee
and the House Ways & Means Committee.
Hearings on the bill were held throughout January and February. The House Ways & Means Committee held hearings on the bill from January 21, 1935 through February 12, 1935. The Senate Finance Committee held hearings from January 22, 1935 through February 20, 1935.
The report on the Senate hearings was published by the Finance Committee in 1935 under the title "Economic Security Act: Hearings Before the Committee on Finance, Seventy-Fourth Congress First Session, on S. 1130 A Bill to Alleviate the hazards of Old Age, Unemployments, Illness, and Dependency, to Establish a Social Insurance Board in the Department of Labor, To Raise Revenue, and for Other Purposes." The published document ran to 1354 pages (reproduced in its entirety here).
Note: These documents are in Adobe PDF format.
Cover & Table of Contents
Abbott, Miss Grace, Chicago, Ill., editor Social Service Review and professor of public welfare, University of Chicago
Amter, I., New York City, representing the National Unemployment Council
Anderson, H. B.,.New York, N. Y., representing the Citizens Medical Reference Bureau, Inc
Andrews, Elmer F., New York City, State industrial commissioner
Andrews, Rev. George Reid, New Haven, Conn., American Eugenics Society
Andrews, John B., New York, N. Y., representing the American Association for Labor Legislation
Baldwin, Mrs. Harris T., Washington, D. C., National League of Women Voters
Bannerman, Mrs. Mary T., Washington, D. C., committee on legislation, Congress of Parents and Teachers
Benjamin, Herbert, New York City, representing the National Joint Action Committee for Genuine Social Insurance
Browder, Earl, New York City, representing the Communist Party
Brown, J, Douglas, professor of economics and director, industrial relations section, Princeton University
Burch, Guy Irving, New York City, Population Reference Bureau
Carris, Lewis H., National Society for the Prevention of Blindness
Chandler, George B., representing the Ohio Chamber of Commerce
Clements, R. E., representing Old-Age Revolving Pensions, Ltd
Cronheim, Nathan, Philadelphia, Pa., representing the Local Action Committee and the Philadelphia Chapter of the Interprofessional Association
Cumming, Hugh S., Surgeon General Public Health Service
Czerwonky, Hugo E., Washington, D. C
Davis, Miss Susan Lawrence, Washington, D.. C., representing the Townsend-Davis Clystertory Health Treatments, Athens, Ala.; also representing Mrs. Emma H. Townsend, Corsicana, Tex
Doane, Robert R., New York City, representing Old-Age Revolving Pensions, Ltd
Elbert, Robert G., Airy Hall Plantation, Green Pond, S. C.
Emery, James A., Washington, D. C., representing the National Association of Manufacturers
Epstein, Abraham, New, York, N: Y., representing the American Association for Social Security
Falk, Dr. I. S., New Canaan, Conn., of the staff of the Committee on Economic Security
Filene, Lincoln, Boston, Mass., William Filene's Sons Co
Folsom, Marion B., Rochester, N. Y., assistant treasurer Eastman Kodak Co and, member of advisory council to the Committee on Economic Security
Forster, H. Walter, Philadelphia, Pa., Towers, Perrin, Forster & Crosby, Inc
Gall, John C., Washington, D. C., representing the National Association of Manufacturers
Graham, Frank P., president University of North Carolina, and chairman advisory council to the Committee on Economic Security
Green, William, president American Federation of Labor
Gordon David, New York City, representing the Committee for Unemployment Insurance
Grulee, Dr. Clifford G., Evanston, Ill., professor of pediatrics, Rush Medical College, Chicago, Ill
Hall, Miss Helen, New York City, National Federation of Settlements, and Henry Street Settlement; member, advisory council to the Committee on Economic Security
Hansen, Alvin H., Washington, D. C., Chief Economic Analyst, Department of State
Harriman, Henry I., Washington, D. C., United States Chamber of Commerce
Harrington, John, representing the Illinois Manufacturing Association
Haynes, George E., New York, N. Y., representing the department of race relations, Federal Council of Churches
Hooker, Elon H., New York City, representing the Manufacturing Chemists Association
Houston, Charles H., Washington, D. C., representing the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Huggins, George A., Philadelphia, Pa., representing the Church Pensions Conference
Hutzler, Albert D., Baltimore, Md., National Retail Dry Goods Association
Ickler, Philip, Portland, Oreg.
Irwin, Robert B., New York City, The American Foundation for the Blind
Jackson, Henry E., New York City, president, Social Engineering Institute
Jolly, Robert, representing the American Hospital Association, etc
Kahn, Miss Dorothy, Philadelphia, Pa., representing the American Association of Social Workers
Kellogg, Paul H., New York City, editor, The Survey and Survey Graphic, and vice chairman, advisory council to the Committee on Economic Security
Kolb, J., F. I Chicago, Ill., representing the National Metal Trades Association
Kulp, Clarence A., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa
Lamb, Mrs. Beatrice Pitney, New York, N. Y., representing the National League of Women Voters
Latimer, H. R., Pennsylvania Association for the Blind
Latimer, Murray, chairman Railroad- Retirement Board, Washington, D. C.
Latshaw, Stanley, New York City, representing the National Publishers Association
Leiserson, William N., chairman National Mediation Board
Lenroot, Katharine F., Chief, Children's, Bureau, Department of Labor
Lyon, Dr. George M., Huntington, W. Va.
Marsh, Benjamin C .,, Washington, D., C. , representing the People's Lobby
Marvin, Dr. Cloyd H., Washington, D. C., representing the American Council on Education
McCormack, Dr. A. T., Louisville, Ky., commissioner, S.tate board of health
McCulloch, Frank W., representing Chicago Workers Unemployment Committee
Morrow, L. C., New York City, representing the National Publishers Association
Ogburn, Charlton, Washington, D. C., and New York City, counsel to the American Federation of Labor
Parker, L. H., chief of staff, Joint Committee on Internal Revenue Taxation
Peck, Lloyd A., Joliet, Ill., representing the Laundryowners' National, Association
Peckham, Frank, L., Washington, D., C., representing the Sentinels of the Republic
Pence, Owen E., New York, N. Y., representing the National Council, Y. M C. A.
Perkins, Hon. Frances, Secretary of Labor
Potter, Dr. Ellen, Trenton, N. J., representing the National Committee on Care of Transient and Homeless
Reeder, Sherwood, Washington, D. C., representing the United States Conference of Mayors and the American Municipal Association
Reiss, Dr. Oscar, Los Angeles, Calif.
Reyburn, Samuel W., New York City, National Retail Dry Goods Association
Reymond, M. H., Binghamton, N. Y.
Roche, Miss Josephine, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury
Sargent, Noel, New York City, representing the National Association of Manufacturers
Shelton, Mrs. Frederick, representing the National Board of Young Women's Christian Associations
Sinclair, S. Merwin, executives of State commissions and State agencies for the blind, and Pennsylvania Council for the Blind
Snow, W. A., Washington, D . C., representing the Associated General Contractors of America
Story, Harold W., Milwaukee, Wis., vice president, and general counsel, Allis-Chalmers. Manufacturing Co.
Studebaker, Dr. John W., . Washington, D. C., Commissioner of Education, Department of the Interior
Taylor, Miss Lea D., Chicago, Ill., representing the Illinois Committee on Social Security
Townsend, Dr. F. E., representing Old Age Revolving Pensions, Ltd.
Tyson, Francis D., professor of economics, University of Pittsburgh, Pa.
Underwood, Dr. F. J., Jackson, Miss., State health officer
Wagner, Robert F., United States Senator from New York
Walter, M. M., Harrisburg, Pa., representing the National Rehabilitation Association
Watts, L. L., Richmond, Va., Virginia Commission for the Blind, and the American Association of Workers for the Blind
Webster, William R., Bridgeport, Conn., representing the Connecticut Manufacturers Association
Weir, Joseph P. B., Washington, D. C.
Williams, Ernest Wells, Washingto, D. C.
Witte, Edwin E., executive director Committee on Economic Security
Wolfe, Mrs. James H., Washington, D. C., women's division, Democratic Committee
Yarros, Dr. Rachelle, Hull House, Chicago, Ill.
Briefs, letters, statements, etc., submitted by:
Adams, Benjamin F., and Henrietta M., Silver Springs, Md.
American Association for Social Security, Washington branch
American Bar Association, report of special committee opposing the ratification of the proposed child-labor amendment to the Constitution of the United States
American Association of University Women, Washington, D. C.
American Federation of Actors, New York City, letter addressed to Senator Robert F. Wagner
American Home Economics Association, Washington, D. C., letter from
American Nurses Association
Areson, C. W., New York City, Child Welfare League of America, Inc.
Associated Women of the American Farm Bureau Federation, brief submitted by Mrs. Chas. W. Sewell, administrative director
Burke, John J., Washington, D. C., National Catholic Welfare Conference
Burns, Dr. Eveline M., Columbia University, New York City
Christman, Miss Elizabeth, Washington, D. C., on behalf of the National Women's Trade Union League of America
Crunibine, Dr. S. T., New York, N. Y., Arnerican Child Health Association
Douglas, Prof. Paul H., University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.
Draper, Ernest G., New York Cify, The Hills Bros. Co.
Gourley, Lawrence L., Washington, D. C., representing the American Osteopathic Association
Grulee, Dr. Clifford G., Evanston, Ill., professor of pediatrics, Rush Medical College, Chicago, Ill. (telegrams to)
Guthrie, William D., chairman special committee of the American Bar Association
Hall, Percival, Washington, D. C., chairman executive committee, Conference of Executives of American Schools for the Deaf
Hoar, Roger Sherman, North Milwaukee, Wis., letter and statement addressed to Senator Thomas P. Core
Hogue, Richard W., Washington, D. C., Independent Legislative Bureau
Howe, Harriet, American Home Economics Association
Howett, Harry H., Lansing, Mich., Michigan Crippled Children Commission
Kennedy, Thomas, international secretary-treasurer, United Mine Workers of America, lieutenant governor of Pennsylvania
Kittle, Mrs. William, Washington, D. C., on behalf of the National Consumers' League and on behalf of the Women's Homeopathic Medical Fraternity
Kletzer, Mrs. Virginia, Child Welfare Commission of Oregon
Kulp, Clarence A., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. (Statement of )
La Du, Mrs. Blanche, Minnesota State Board of Control
McCollum, Dr. E. V., the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md.
McCord, Dr. James R., Emory University, Atlanta, Ga.
Message of President Roosevelt submitting report recommending legislation on economic security:
President's Message to Congress
CES Cover Letter to President
Body of the Report
Miller, Dr. James Raglan, Hartford, Conn.
National Conference of Catholic Charities, Washington, D. C.
National Council of Jewish Women, Inc., New York City
National Education Association of the United States
Robb, Miss Marquis, Newtonville, Mass.
Sanger, Mrs. Margaret, president, National Committee on Federal Legislation for Birth Control
Shibley, George, Washington, D. C., director, The Research Institute
United States Engineers, Inc., New York City
Witte, Edwin E.
Part 6: Estimated costs of old-age pensions to the States
Part 7: Model unemployment-insurance bills for States and suggestions for State old-age assistance laws and accompanying explanatory statements
Part 8: Principal studies and reports prepared for or presented to the Committee on Economic Security
Part 9:Statistics concerning extent and amount of insurance in certain fields
Women's Homeopathic Medical Fraternity
Young Women's Christian Association, Washington. D. C.