Research and Program Descriptions About Costa Rica

International Update, September 2013
(released September 2013)
Next Generation of Individual Account Pension Reforms in Latin America
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 71 No. 1 (released February 2011)

This article examines the recent reforms in individual account systems in Latin America, with a focus on the recent overhaul of the Chilean system and major reforms in Mexico, Peru, and Colombia. The authors analyze key elements of pension reform in the region relating to individual accounts: system coverage, fees, competition, investment, the impact of gender on benefits, financial education, voluntary savings, and payouts.

International Update, September 2006
(released September 2006)
Individual Accounts in Other Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 66 No. 1 (released September 2005)

To date, more than 30 countries have established some form of individual accounts in their retirement systems. This article identifies those countries, categorizes how the individual accounts fit into their retirement income systems, and identifies some basic characteristics of the accounts. Because this analysis of individual accounts is intended to inform the current United States debate involving Social Security, the discussion is limited to countries in which such accounts are part or all of a mandatory retirement income program.

Social Security Privatization in Latin America
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 63 No. 2 (released December 2000)

The new, partially privatized social security system adopted by Chile in 1981 has since been implemented, with some variations, in a number of Latin American and old-world transition economies with either a single- or multi-tier system. That alternative to a pay-as-you-go system is sometimes advocated as a desirable model for solving problems in developed systems, such as that of the United States. This article describes the new programs in Latin America, their background, and similarities and differences among them.

Worldwide Trends and Developments in Social Security, 1983–85
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 49 No. 9 (released September 1986)

Worldwide Developments in Social Security, 1981–83
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 47 No. 6 (released June 1984)

Foreign Weighted Benefit Formulas
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 41 No. 11 (released November 1978)

Worldwide Developments in Social Security, 1975–77
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 41 No. 5 (released May 1978)

World Developments and Trends in Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 4 (released April 1976)

Foreign Health Programs: Changes in Population Covered
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 1 (released January 1976)

Social Security Abroad
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 5 (released May 1968)

Social Security Programs of Foreign Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 27 No. 9 (released September 1964)

Medical Benefits for Old-Age Pensioners Under Foreign Social Security Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 26 No. 1 (released January 1963)

A Quarter Century of Social Security Abroad
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 8 (released August 1960)

Medical Benefits For Pensioners Under Foreign Social Security Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 1 (released January 1960)

Social Security in Central America
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 11 (released November 1957)

World Trends in Social Security Benefits, 1935–55
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 19 No. 5 (released May 1956)

World Developments in Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 3 (released March 1950)

Social Security in Latin America, 1945-47
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 9 (released September 1947)

Social Security in Columbia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Guatemala, and Haiti
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 6 (released June 1947)