Research and Program Descriptions About Peru

International Update, October 2014
(released October 2014)
International Update, September 2013
(released September 2013)
International Update, February 2013
(released February 2013)
International Update, October 2012
(released October 2012)
International Update, August 2012
(released August 2012)
International Update, October 2011
(released October 2011)
International Update, September 2011
(released September 2011)
Next Generation of Individual Account Pension Reforms in Latin America
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 71 No. 1 (released February 2011)

This article examines the recent reforms in individual account systems in Latin America, with a focus on the recent overhaul of the Chilean system and major reforms in Mexico, Peru, and Colombia. The authors analyze key elements of pension reform in the region relating to individual accounts: system coverage, fees, competition, investment, the impact of gender on benefits, financial education, voluntary savings, and payouts.

International Update, October 2010
(released October 2010)
International Update, September 2009
(released September 2009)
International Update, December 2008
(released December 2008)
International Update, September 2007
(released September 2007)
International Update, December 2006
(released December 2006)
International Update, August 2006
(released August 2006)
International Update, January 2006
(released January 2006)
Individual Accounts in Other Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 66 No. 1 (released September 2005)

To date, more than 30 countries have established some form of individual accounts in their retirement systems. This article identifies those countries, categorizes how the individual accounts fit into their retirement income systems, and identifies some basic characteristics of the accounts. Because this analysis of individual accounts is intended to inform the current United States debate involving Social Security, the discussion is limited to countries in which such accounts are part or all of a mandatory retirement income program.

International Update, September 2005
(released September 2005)
International Update, December 2004
(released December 2004)
International Update, December 2003
(released December 2003)
Social Security Reform in Central and Eastern Europe: Variations on a Latin American Theme
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 64 No. 4 (released June 2003)

The Latin American model of social security reform with individual accounts has been adopted by a number of Central and Eastern European countries. That alternative to a pay-as-you-go system is sometimes advocated as a desirable model for solving problems in developed systems such as that of the United States. This article describes the Central and Eastern European systems and compares them with the Latin American systems.

Social Security Privatization in Latin America
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 63 No. 2 (released December 2000)

The new, partially privatized social security system adopted by Chile in 1981 has since been implemented, with some variations, in a number of Latin American and old-world transition economies with either a single- or multi-tier system. That alternative to a pay-as-you-go system is sometimes advocated as a desirable model for solving problems in developed systems, such as that of the United States. This article describes the new programs in Latin America, their background, and similarities and differences among them.

Worldwide Trends and Developments in Social Security, 1983–85
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 49 No. 9 (released September 1986)

World Developments and Trends in Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 4 (released April 1976)

Social Security Programs of Foreign Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 27 No. 9 (released September 1964)

Medical Benefits for Old-Age Pensioners Under Foreign Social Security Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 26 No. 1 (released January 1963)

Social Progress Through Credit Unions in Peru
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 25 No. 8 (released August 1962)

A Quarter Century of Social Security Abroad
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 8 (released August 1960)

Medical Benefits For Pensioners Under Foreign Social Security Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 1 (released January 1960)

Foreign Social Security Programs in 1958
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 11 (released November 1958)

World Trends in Social Security Benefits, 1935–55
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 19 No. 5 (released May 1956)

World Developments in Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 3 (released March 1950)

The Second Inter-American Conference on Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 11, No. 3 (released March 1948)

Social Security in Latin America, 1945-47
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 9 (released September 1947)

Foreign Experience in Social Insurance Contributions for Agricultural and Domestic Workers
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 8, No. 2 (released February 1945)