Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Asia and the Pacific, 2004

 

Syria

Exchange rate: US$1.00 equals 51.65 pounds.

Old Age, Disability, and Survivors

Regulatory Framework

First and current law: 1959 (social insurance), with 1976 and 2001 amendments.

Type of program: Social insurance system.

Coverage

Employees in industry, commerce, and agriculture; domestic workers; freelance workers; the self-employed; and employers.

Voluntary coverage for Syrians working abroad.

Exclusions: Family labor.

Special system for civil servants.

Source of Funds

Insured person: 7% of earnings (plus an optional 1% of earnings for voluntary supplementary disability and death benefits).

Self-employed person: Not applicable.

Employer: 14% of payroll.

Government: None.

Qualifying Conditions

Old-age pension: Age 60 (men) or age 55 (women); at any age for men and women in physically demanding or dangerous work, with 180 months of contributions.

Age 55 (men) or age 50 (women) with 240 months of contributions. At any age (men and women) with 360 months of contributions.

Early pension: At any age with 300 months of contributions.

Payments abroad are made at the discretion of the Institution of Social Insurance.

Old-age settlement: Age 60 (men) or age 55 (women) and does not satisfy the qualifying conditions for the old-age pension.

Disability pension: Payable with the loss of at least 80% of working capacity. The disability began during employment or within 6 months after leaving employment but is not due only to an occupational injury. Must have made contributions throughout the last 12 months or for a total of 24 months including the last 3 months.

Disability benefit (voluntary insurance): The assessed degree of disability must exceed 35%. The disability may be due to an occupational injury.

Survivor pension: The deceased met the contribution conditions for the disability pension or was a pensioner at the time of death. The death was not the result of an occupational injury.

Eligible survivors include an unemployed widow at any age or a disabled widower, orphans younger than age 21 (age 24 if disabled), and dependent parents.

Death benefit (voluntary insurance): Payable to eligible survivors. The benefit may be paid if the death was the result of an occupational injury.

Funeral grant: Paid to help meet the cost of the funeral.

Old-Age Benefits

Old-age pension: 2.5% of the insured's basis earnings times the number of years of contributions, up to a maximum of 75% of the basis earnings. The basis earnings are equal to the previous year's average monthly earnings.

Early pension: 2.5% of the insured's basis earnings times the number of years of contributions, up to a maximum of 75% of the basis earnings. The basis earnings are equal to last year's average monthly earnings.

The minimum pension is equal to the legal minimum wage.

The maximum pension is 3,450 pounds a month or 75% of basis earnings if less.

Old-age increment: A lump sum equal to 1 month's pension for every complete covered year beyond 30 years of coverage, up to a maximum of 5 month's pension.

Old-age settlement: A lump sum of between 11% and 15% of total covered earnings.

Permanent Disability Benefits

Disability pension: 40% of the insured's basis earnings plus 2% for each year of covered employment. The basis earnings are equal to last year's average monthly earnings.

The minimum pension is equal to the legal minimum wage.

The maximum pension is 80% of basis earnings.

Temporary disability pension: The minimum pension is 343 pounds a month, plus 25 pounds for each dependent.

Disability benefit (voluntary insurance): A lump sum equal to 50% of the insured's insurable earnings in the previous year. The benefit is increased by an additional 50% if the insured is totally disabled as a result of an accident at work.

Survivor Benefits

Survivor pension: The pension is equal to 37.5% of the deceased's disability pension.

Orphan's pension: The pension is equal to 25% of the deceased's disability pension for the first orphan (37.5% for a full orphan); 12.5% for the second orphan.

Dependent parents: The pension is equal to 12.5% of the deceased's disability pension for each parent.

The minimum survivor pension is 400 pounds a month for a widow; 96 pounds each for other survivors.

The maximum total survivor pension is equal to 75% of the deceased's disability pension.

Death benefit (voluntary insurance): A lump sum equal to 100% of the insured's wages in the previous year is payable to a survivor. The lump sum is increased by 50% if the insured's death was caused by an accident at work.

Funeral grant: A lump sum of 1 month's earnings.

The maximum funeral grant is 100 pounds.

Administrative Organization

Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor provides general supervision.

Institution of Social Insurance, managed by a tripartite board of directors and a director general, administers the program through regional and district offices.

Work Injury

Regulatory Framework

Current law: 1959 (social insurance), with 1976 and 2001 amendments.

Type of program: Social insurance system.

Coverage

Employees in industry, commerce, and agriculture; municipal workers; and public employees.

Exclusion: Domestic servants.

Source of Funds

Insured person: None.

Self-employed person: Not applicable.

Employer: 3% of payroll.

Government: None.

Qualifying Conditions

Work injury benefits: There is no minimum qualifying period.

Temporary Disability Benefits

80% of the insured's earnings during the first month; thereafter, 100%.

The minimum benefit is 2,000 pounds a month, payable from the day after the injury occurred for up to 12 months.

Work injury benefits can be combined with other pension entitlements.

Permanent Disability Benefits

Permanent disability pension: 75% of the insured's average monthly wage in the previous year with an assessed disability of 80% or more.

The minimum pension is 458 pounds a month.

Work injury benefits can be combined with other pension entitlements.

Partial disability: For an assessed degree of disability of 35% to 79%, a percentage of the full pension is paid in proportion to the assessed degree of disability. For an assessed degree of disability of less than 35%, a lump sum of 1 year's partial pension is paid.

Workers' Medical Benefits

General and specialist care, surgery, hospitalization, drugs, X-rays, appliances, and rehabilitation.

Survivor Benefits

Survivor pension: 75% of the deceased's monthly wage in the previous year is divided among eligible survivors as follows: 50% for the widow and 50% for orphans; if there is a dependent parent, 20% to the parent, 40% to the widow, and 40% to orphans.

The minimum pension is 400 pounds a month for a widow; 96 pounds each for other survivors.

Funeral grant: A lump sum equal to 1 month's earnings.

The minimum funeral grant is 80 pounds.

Administrative Organization

Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor provides general supervision.

Institution of Social Insurance, managed by a tripartite board of directors and a director general, administers the program through regional and district offices.