Social Security Programs Throughout the World: The Americas, 2007

 

Paraguay

Exchange rate: US$1.00 equals 5,030 guaranies.

Old Age, Disability, and Survivors

Regulatory Framework

First law: 1943.

Current law: 1992 (unified pension scheme), with 1994, 1995, 2002, 2003, and 2005 amendments.

Type of program: Social insurance system.

Coverage

Employed persons, including employees of decentralized state entities and enterprises partially owned by the state and municipal workers, and apprentices.

Exclusions: Self-employed persons and domestic workers.

Special systems for public-sector employees (including civil servants, police and military personnel, justice employees, and public teachers), railroad employees, bank employees, elected parliamentary representatives, municipal workers, employees of Itaipu (a binational electricity generating company), and domestic workers.

Source of Funds

Insured person: 9% of gross earnings.

The minimum monthly earnings for contribution purposes are equal to the monthly minimum wage (1,219,795 guaranies).

There are no maximum earnings for contribution purposes.

The insured's contributions also finance sickness and maternity benefits and work injury benefits.

Self-employed person: Not applicable.

Employer: 14% of gross payroll.

The minimum monthly earnings for contribution purposes are equal to the monthly minimum wage (1,219,795 guaranies).

There are no maximum earnings for contribution purposes.

The employer's contributions also finance sickness and maternity benefits and work injury benefits.

Government: 1.5% of gross earnings; contributes as an employer.

The minimum monthly earnings for contribution purposes are equal to the monthly minimum wage (1,219,795 guaranies).

There are no maximum earnings for contribution purposes.

Government contributions also finance sickness and maternity benefits and work injury benefits.

Qualifying Conditions

Old-age pension: Age 60 (men and women) with at least 25 years of contributions.

Insured persons may claim a pension under the old scheme if they were aged 60 and had at least 15 years of contributions on February 28, 1999.

Early pension: Age 55 (men and women) with at least 30 years of contributions.

Disability pension: The insured must be assessed with a loss of 2/3 of earning capacity, have at least 150 weeks of contributions, and be younger than age 55; have between 150 weeks and 250 weeks of contributions if at least aged 55 but younger than age 60; have between 250 weeks and 400 weeks of contributions if at least aged 60 but younger than age 65.

A medical commission and three doctors assess the degree of disability. The degree of disability is reviewed at least once every 5 years.

Survivor pension: The insured was a pensioner at the time of death or had 750 weeks of contributions.

Eligible survivors include a widow(er) or a partner who lived with the deceased for at least 5 years (2 years if they had children); a child younger than age 18 (no limit if disabled); and dependent parents in the absence of other eligible survivors.

Survivor grant: The deceased had less than 750 weeks of contributions.

Funeral grant: In the absence of any eligible survivors, paid to the person who pays for the funeral.

Old-Age Benefits

Old-age pension: The monthly pension is equal to 100% of the insured's average earnings.

Early pension: The monthly pension is equal to 80% of the insured's average earnings, plus 4% of average earnings for each year the insured is older than age 55, up to age 59.

Average earnings are based on earnings in the last 36 months, but excluding the last month, before retirement.

The minimum monthly old-age pension is 300,000 guaranies.

The maximum monthly old-age pension is equal to 300 times the minimum daily wage. (The minimum monthly wage is 1,219,795 guaranies.)

All gainful activity must cease.

Old-age benefits are payable abroad under bilateral or multilateral agreement.

Benefit adjustment: Benefits are adjusted annually according to changes in the cost-of-living index.

Permanent Disability Benefits

Disability pension: The monthly pension is equal to 50% of the insured's average earnings in the last 36 months before the disability began, plus 1.5% of average earnings for each 50-week period of contributions exceeding 150 weeks, up to a maximum of 100%.

The minimum monthly disability pension is 300,000 guaranies.

The maximum disability pension is 300 times the minimum daily wage. (The minimum monthly wage is 1,219,795 guaranies.)

Disability benefits are payable abroad under bilateral or multilateral agreement.

Benefit adjustment: Benefits are adjusted annually according to changes in the cost-of-living index.

Survivor Benefits

Survivor pension: The monthly pension is equal to 60% of the pension paid or payable to the deceased. The pension is split equally between a widow(er) or partner older than age 40 and children younger than age 18.

A widow(er) or partner younger than age 40 receives a lump sum equal to three times the annual pension paid or payable to the deceased.

If the widow(er) or partner remarries or cohabits, the pension ceases and a lump sum is paid equal to twice the deceased's annual pension.

Other eligible survivors (in the absence of the above): The pension is paid to the deceased's parents.

Survivor grant: A lump sum is paid equal to 1 month's minimum wage for each year of contributions.

Survivor benefits are payable abroad under bilateral or multilateral agreement.

Benefit adjustment: Benefits are adjusted annually according to changes in the cost-of-living index.

Funeral grant: A lump sum is paid equal to 75 times the minimum daily wage. (The minimum monthly wage is 1,219,795 guaranies.)

Administrative Organization

Managed by a tripartite council and a director general, the Social Insurance Institute (http://www.ips.gov.py) administers the program.

Sickness and Maternity

Regulatory Framework

First law: 1943.

Current laws: 1992 (unified pension scheme), with 1994, 1995, 2002, 2003, and 2005 amendments; and 1996 (medical benefits).

Type of program: Social insurance system.

Coverage

Employed persons, including employees of decentralized state entities and enterprises partially owned by the state, and apprentices.

Pensioners are covered for medical benefits.

Exclusions: Public-sector employees (including civil servants, police and military personnel, and justice employees), railroad employees, bank employees, elected parliamentary representatives, municipal workers, employees of Itaipu (a binational electricity generating company), and self-employed persons.

Special systems for domestic workers and teachers.

Source of Funds

Insured person: See source of funds under Old Age, Disability, and Survivors. (Pensioners contribute 6% of pensions.)

Self-employed person: Not applicable.

Employer: See source of funds under Old Age, Disability, and Survivors.

Government: See source of funds under Old Age, Disability, and Survivors.

Qualifying Conditions

Cash sickness and maternity benefits: The insured must have at least 6 weeks of contributions in the last 4 months (insured women cannot receive cash maternity benefits and cash sickness benefits at the same time).

Medical benefits: Must be currently insured.

Sickness and Maternity Benefits

Sickness benefit: The monthly benefit is equal to 50% of the insured's average earnings in the last 4 months before the incapacity began. The benefit is paid from the day after the incapacity began, for up to 26 weeks; may be extended to 50 weeks in special cases. The benefit is reduced by half during periods of hospitalization if there are no dependents.

Maternity benefit: The monthly benefit is equal to 50% of the insured's average earnings in the last 4 months immediately before the maternity leave and is paid for 3 weeks before and 6 weeks after the expected date of childbirth.

Benefits in-kind: Milk vouchers are provided for up to 8 months if the mother is unable to nurse the child.

Workers' Medical Benefits

Medical services are provided directly to patients through the facilities of the Social Insurance Institute. Benefits include general and specialist care, hospitalization, laboratory services, medicines, prostheses, dental care (with 8 weeks of recent contributions), and maternity care.

The duration of benefits is 26 weeks for any one illness; may be extended to 52 weeks in special cases.

Dependents' Medical Benefits

Medical services are provided directly to patients through the facilities of the Social Insurance Institute. Benefits include general and specialist care, hospitalization, laboratory services, medicines, prostheses, dental care (with 8 weeks of recent contributions), and maternity care.

The duration of benefits is 26 weeks for any one illness; may be extended to 52 weeks in special cases.

Eligible dependents include the spouse of the insured or pensioner (or a partner who has lived with the insured or pensioner for at least 2 years); an unemployed spouse of an insured woman; the spouse of a female pensioner, if he is needy, unemployed, and older than age 60; unmarried children younger than age 18 (no limit if disabled); and the insured's dependent parents older than age 60.

Administrative Organization

Managed by a tripartite council and a director general, the Social Insurance Institute (http://www.ips.gov.py) administers the program.

Social Insurance Institute operates its own clinics and hospitals.

Work Injury

Regulatory Framework

First law: 1927.

Current law: 1992 (unified pension scheme), with 1994, 1995, 2002, 2003, and 2005 amendments.

Type of program: Social insurance system.

Coverage

Employed persons, including employees of decentralized state entities and enterprises partially owned by the state, and apprentices.

Exclusions: Public-sector employees (including civil servants, police and military personnel, and justice employees), railroad employees, bank employees, elected parliamentary representatives, municipal workers, employees of Itaipu (a binational electricity generating company), and self-employed persons.

Special systems for domestic workers and teachers.

Source of Funds

Insured person: See source of funds under Old Age, Disability, and Survivors.

Self-employed person: Not applicable.

Employer: See source of funds under Old Age, Disability, and Survivors.

Government: See source of funds under Old Age, Disability, and Survivors.

Qualifying Conditions

Work injury benefits: There is no minimum qualifying period.

Temporary Disability Benefits

The benefit is equal to 75% of the insured's average earnings in the last 4 months or the total contribution period if shorter. The benefit is paid from the day after the disability began, for up to 52 weeks.

A medical commission and three doctors assess the degree of disability. The degree of disability is reviewed at least once every 5 years.

Permanent Disability Benefits

Permanent disability pension: The pension varies between 22% and 100% of the insured's average earnings in the last 36 months before the disability began, according to the length of the insured's contribution period and the assessed degree of disability.

Total disability supplement: The supplement is equal to 20% of the insured's average earnings in the last 3 years, plus 0.5% for each year of coverage exceeding 3 years.

Partial disability: If the assessed degree of disability is greater than 30%, the pension is equal to 60% of lost earnings, according to the schedule in law. If the value of the partial disability pension is less than 30% of the total disability pension, a lump sum is paid equal to 5 years' pension.

Partial disability supplement: A percentage of the total disability supplement is paid according to the assessed degree of disability.

A medical commission and three doctors assess the degree of disability. The degree of disability is reviewed at least once every 5 years.

Workers' Medical Benefits

Benefits include general and specialist care, hospitalization, medicines, and prostheses.

Survivor Benefits

Survivor pension: A widow(er) or partner aged 40 or older receives a monthly pension equal to 40% of the pension paid or payable to the deceased.

If the widow(er) or partner remarries or cohabits, the benefit ceases and a lump sum is paid equal to twice the annual pension paid or payable to the deceased.

A widow(er) or partner younger than age 40 receives a lump sum equal to three times the annual pension paid or payable to the deceased.

Orphan's pension: Each child younger than age 16 (no limit if disabled) receives 20% of the pension paid or payable to the deceased.

Survivor supplement: 75% of the deceased's total disability supplement is paid to eligible survivors.

Other eligible survivors (in the absence of the above): The pension is paid to the deceased's parents.

Survivor supplement: 75% of the deceased's total disability supplement is paid to eligible survivors.

All survivor benefits combined must not exceed 100% of the pension paid or payable to the deceased.

Survivor benefits are payable abroad under bilateral or multilateral agreement.

Survivor grant: If the insured had less than 750 weeks of contributions at the time of death, a lump sum is paid equal to 1 month's minimum wage for each year of contributions.

Survivor benefits are payable abroad under bilateral or multilateral agreement.

Benefit adjustment: Benefits are adjusted annually according to changes in the cost-of-living index.

Funeral grant: A lump sum is paid equal to 75 times the minimum daily wage. (The minimum monthly wage is 1,219,795 guaranies.)

Administrative Organization

Managed by a tripartite council and a director general, the Social Insurance Institute (http://www.ips.gov.py) administers the program.

Social Insurance Institute operates its own clinics and hospitals.

Family Allowances

Regulatory Framework

No statutory benefits are provided.

The 1993 labor code requires employers to provide specified maternity benefits and family allowance benefits based on the number of children.