Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2010

 

Key Terms and Concepts for Section 2 1

Table characteristics

Age. Age classification is based on the age of the person at his or her last birthday as of March 2011. A married couple's age is defined as the age of the husband—unless he is under age 55 and the wife is 55 or older, in which case it is the age of the wife.

Aged unit. With age 55 as the cutoff, aged units are defined as married couples living together—at least one of whom is 55 or older—and nonmarried persons 55 or older.

Marital status. Married persons are married and living with their spouse. Nonmarried persons may be divorced, widowed, never married, separated, or married but living apart from their spouse.

Race. The categories White alone, Black alone, and Asian alone reflect respondents who reported only one race. Because of changes to the race category, data on race are not directly comparable to editions prior to 2002. A person's race is his or her reported race. A married couple's race is defined as the race of the husband.

Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. A married couple is of Hispanic origin if the husband is of Hispanic origin.

Family. A family is a group of two or more people (one of whom is the householder) related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together; all such people (including related subfamily members) are considered as members of one family.

Social Security beneficiary. A beneficiary may be receiving retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivor benefits, disability benefits, or transitionally insured benefits.

Poverty. The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to detect who is poor. If a family's total income is less than that family's threshold, then that family, and every individual in it, is considered poor.

Per capita income. Per capita income is total family income divided by the number of persons in the family.

The ratio of Social Security income to total income. This ratio is defined as Social Security income divided by total income. Units and persons in families with less than $1 of total income or negative earnings or asset income are excluded from these tables.

Income sources

Earnings

Wages and salaries. Wages and salaries is defined as total money earnings received for work performed as an employee during the income year. It includes wages, salary, Armed Forces pay, commissions, tips, piece-rate payments, and cash bonuses earned, before deductions are made for taxes, bonds, pensions, union dues, and so forth. Earnings for self-employed persons in incorporated businesses are considered wage and salary.

Self-employment. Income from self-employment is the combined income from farm and nonfarm self-employment.

Retirement benefits

Social Security. Includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivor benefits, disability benefits, and transitionally insured benefits.

Government employee pensions. Government employee pensions include regular payments from federal government (civil service), military, and state or local governments.

Private pensions and annuities. Private pensions and annuities include regular payments from companies or unions, annuities or paid-up insurance policies, individual retirement accounts (IRAs), Keogh, or 401(k) payments. Nonregular (nonannuitized or lump-sum) withdrawals from IRA, Keogh, and 401(k) plans are not included as income.

Asset income

Interest income. Interest includes payments people receive (or have credited to their accounts) from bonds, treasury notes, IRAs, certificates of deposit, interest-bearing savings and checking accounts, and all other investments that pay interest.

Dividends. Dividends include income people receive from stock holdings and mutual fund shares. The CPS does not include capital gains from the sale of stock holdings as income.

Rents, royalties, and estates and trusts. Include net income people receive from the rental of a house, store, or other property, receipts from boarders or lodgers, net royalty income, and periodic payments from estate or trust funds.

Other income

Unemployment compensation. Includes payments the respondent received from government unemployment agencies or private companies during periods of unemployment and any strike benefits the respondent received from union funds.

Workers' compensation. Includes payments people receive periodically from public or private insurance companies for injuries received at work.

Veterans' payments. Include payments disabled members of the armed forces or survivors of deceased veterans receive periodically from the Department of Veterans Affairs for education and on-the-job training, and means-tested assistance to veterans.

Personal contributions. Include child support, alimony, and financial assistance from friends and relatives.

Public Assistance—Cash benefits

Supplemental Security Income. Supplemental Security Income includes payments made by federal, State, and local welfare agencies to low-income persons who are aged (65 or older), blind, or disabled, and who have limited income and financial resources.

Other Public Assistance. Includes cash public assistance payments low-income people receive, such as Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC, ADC), temporary assistance to needy families (TANF), general assistance, and emergency assistance.

Public Assistance—Noncash Benefits

Noncash benefits. Include food stamps, energy assistance, and housing assistance. Receipt of noncash benefits is only reported in the section on the sources of income received. No dollar values are assigned to the noncash benefits in this publication, and they are not included in total money income. A person or aged unit is indicated as having received a noncash benefit if any person in the household received food, energy, or housing assistance.

Food. In this publication, food noncash benefits are comprised solely of food stamps.

Energy. The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program provides financial assistance to qualified households to help them pay heating costs.

Housing. There are some programs through which housing assistance is provided to low-income families and individuals living in public or privately owned dwellings. Two of the more common types of programs in which federal, State, and local funds are used to subsidize private sector housing are rent supplement and interest reduction plans.

Notes

1 For more information, consult the Glossary for this report.

Tables

Income Sources of Aged Units Table 2.A1 Percentage with income from specified source, by marital status and age, 2010
Source of income Aged 55–61 Aged 62–64 Aged 65 or older
Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older
  All units
Earnings 78.9 65.7 26.3 48.6 30.2 18.5 7.5
Wages and salaries 74.8 61.0 23.5 44.6 26.8 16.2 5.9
Self-employment 10.4 9.6 4.9 8.3 5.8 3.3 2.0
Retirement benefits 23.1 53.7 89.3 81.1 91.1 92.9 93.5
Social Security 13.0 43.4 86.3 76.3 88.6 90.2 91.6
Benefits other than Social Security 13.3 27.0 39.7 36.5 40.4 43.2 40.2
Other public pensions 6.6 11.3 15.4 15.3 16.0 16.7 14.2
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.6
Government employee pensions 6.4 11.0 14.8 14.7 15.4 16.0 13.6
Military 1.4 1.5 2.1 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.5
Federal 1.4 2.8 4.0 3.6 3.9 4.4 4.1
State or local 3.8 7.0 9.4 10.0 10.4 10.2 7.7
Private pensions or annuities 7.1 17.1 26.6 22.8 27.3 29.3 28.1
Income from assets 51.2 53.2 51.9 53.2 52.1 51.6 50.8
Interest 47.9 50.3 48.5 49.5 48.8 48.8 47.1
Other income from assets 24.6 25.4 24.3 26.5 25.4 23.4 21.8
Dividends 20.5 20.7 18.9 21.1 20.1 17.8 16.7
Rent or royalties 7.6 9.0 8.7 8.9 9.5 9.0 7.8
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5
Veterans' benefits 2.8 4.8 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.6 4.3
Unemployment compensation 9.0 7.5 1.9 3.6 2.4 1.2 0.4
Workers' compensation 1.2 1.1 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.2
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 13.4 13.2 13.2 12.7 13.2 15.0 12.8
Cash public assistance 5.5 5.2 3.7 4.3 3.5 4.1 3.2
Supplemental Security Income 5.0 4.8 3.4 4.0 3.2 3.7 2.9
Other 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Noncash benefits 11.5 10.8 11.8 11.3 11.7 13.4 11.3
Food 8.9 8.1 7.3 7.6 7.6 8.2 6.3
Energy 3.5 3.2 3.9 4.0 3.9 4.4 3.5
Housing 3.3 3.2 4.7 4.1 4.6 5.7 4.6
Personal contributions 1.7 1.3 0.9 1.0 0.5 0.9 1.1
Number (thousands) 19,335 7,128 29,640 8,468 6,676 5,354 9,142
  Married couples
Earnings 91.6 79.9 40.5 63.8 42.2 26.2 13.7
Wages and salaries 88.1 75.2 36.2 58.9 37.3 22.8 10.4
Self-employment 14.3 13.0 8.7 12.6 9.3 5.8 4.1
Retirement benefits 23.8 57.2 90.8 83.7 93.5 95.3 94.8
Social Security 12.3 45.2 87.8 78.9 90.7 93.6 93.3
Benefits other than Social Security 15.6 32.1 48.3 44.3 48.9 51.2 51.4
Other public pensions 8.1 13.8 20.3 19.2 20.4 21.9 20.6
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.7 1.1 1.0 0.5
Government employee pensions 7.9 13.3 19.6 18.5 19.3 21.2 20.1
Military 1.8 2.0 2.7 2.9 1.8 3.2 3.3
Federal 1.4 3.9 5.4 4.6 5.5 5.7 6.4
State or local 4.8 7.9 12.6 12.5 13.0 13.5 11.6
Private pensions or annuities 8.2 20.2 32.0 27.8 33.3 33.9 35.3
Income from assets 63.0 63.3 63.8 64.3 63.3 61.5 65.6
Interest 59.4 60.2 60.2 60.1 59.9 58.3 62.3
Other income from assets 32.7 32.3 33.4 33.9 34.8 31.8 32.4
Dividends 27.0 26.8 26.7 26.5 28.5 24.9 26.4
Rent or royalties 10.6 12.0 11.8 11.9 12.3 11.8 11.2
Estates or trusts 0.4 0 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.2
Veterans' benefits 3.1 5.5 4.9 4.4 4.5 4.4 6.8
Unemployment compensation 10.1 9.7 3.0 4.9 3.4 1.3 0.7
Workers' compensation 1.6 1.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.2 0.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.1 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.4 6.3 6.7
Cash public assistance 2.6 3.1 2.3 2.5 2.0 2.3 2.4
Supplemental Security Income 2.3 2.8 2.0 2.3 1.5 1.9 2.4
Other 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.4 0
Noncash benefits 4.7 4.5 4.9 4.6 4.3 5.4 5.4
Food 3.8 3.6 3.3 3.5 2.8 3.8 3.2
Energy 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.6
Housing 0.7 0.4 1.1 0.7 0.8 1.4 1.6
Personal contributions 1.0 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.8 0.2
Number (thousands) 10,091 3,631 12,162 4,130 3,178 2,279 2,575
  Nonmarried persons
Earnings 65.1 50.9 16.5 34.1 19.3 12.8 5.0
Wages and salaries 60.4 46.3 14.7 31.0 17.2 11.4 4.1
Self-employment 6.2 6.1 2.2 4.1 2.6 1.5 1.1
Retirement benefits 22.3 50.2 88.3 78.6 89.0 91.1 93.0
Social Security 13.6 41.6 85.3 73.8 86.6 87.7 90.9
Benefits other than Social Security 10.7 21.7 33.8 29.1 32.6 37.3 35.8
Other public pensions 5.0 8.7 11.9 11.5 12.1 12.9 11.7
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.6
Government employee pensions 4.9 8.6 11.4 11.1 11.8 12.2 11.1
Military 0.9 1.0 1.7 1.0 1.8 1.4 2.2
Federal 1.3 1.7 2.9 2.7 2.4 3.4 3.2
State or local 2.7 6.1 7.2 7.7 8.1 7.8 6.2
Private pensions or annuities 5.8 13.8 22.9 18.0 21.9 25.9 25.3
Income from assets 38.3 42.7 43.6 42.7 41.9 44.2 44.9
Interest 35.3 40.0 40.3 39.4 38.6 41.8 41.1
Other income from assets 15.8 18.3 17.9 19.5 17.0 17.2 17.7
Dividends 13.3 14.3 13.5 16.0 12.5 12.5 12.9
Rent or royalties 4.3 6.0 6.5 5.9 6.9 7.0 6.5
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.6
Veterans' benefits 2.5 4.2 2.8 2.4 2.2 3.0 3.3
Unemployment compensation 7.9 5.2 1.2 2.3 1.4 1.0 0.3
Workers' compensation 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.2
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 21.3 20.3 18.3 19.2 20.2 21.3 15.1
Cash public assistance 8.6 7.3 4.7 6.0 4.9 5.3 3.5
Supplemental Security Income 7.9 6.9 4.4 5.6 4.8 5.1 3.2
Other 0.9 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4
Noncash benefits 18.9 17.3 16.6 17.7 18.5 19.3 13.6
Food 14.5 12.7 10.1 11.5 11.9 11.4 7.6
Energy 6.0 5.1 5.5 6.3 6.2 6.5 4.2
Housing 6.1 6.1 7.2 7.4 8.0 8.9 5.7
Personal contributions 2.5 2.1 1.2 1.5 0.8 0.9 1.4
Number (thousands) 9,244 3,498 17,478 4,338 3,498 3,075 6,567
 
Income Sources of Aged Units Table 2.A2 Percentage with income from specified source, by Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, and age, 2010
Source of income All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
  Beneficiary units
Earnings 40.7 47.0 22.8 67.0 67.4 36.6 14.6 24.0 13.0
Wages and salaries 38.0 42.8 20.0 63.1 62.8 32.3 13.1 20.3 11.2
Self-employment 4.7 7.0 4.6 7.9 9.5 8.1 1.5 4.2 2.1
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 24.2 38.4 42.5 33.6 44.4 51.6 14.9 31.6 36.1
Other public pensions 8.7 12.8 15.5 13.1 14.6 21.0 4.4 10.8 11.6
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0 0.2 0.4 0 0.3 0 0 0.2
Government employee pensions 8.5 12.8 15.3 12.7 14.5 20.8 4.4 10.8 11.4
Military 1.4 1.9 2.3 2.6 2.0 2.9 0.2 1.8 1.8
Federal 1.4 2.3 3.9 2.4 3.2 5.6 0.5 1.4 2.6
State or local 5.7 9.2 10.0 7.8 10.2 13.6 3.7 8.0 7.4
Private pensions or annuities 16.6 27.3 29.5 22.8 32.2 34.9 10.5 21.8 25.7
Income from assets 34.0 49.1 53.7 47.3 61.7 65.0 20.7 35.0 45.6
Interest 31.2 46.1 50.1 43.9 58.0 61.3 18.7 32.6 42.1
Other income from assets 13.7 22.2 25.3 21.3 29.6 34.5 6.2 13.7 18.8
Dividends 10.2 17.3 19.8 15.7 23.3 27.7 4.7 10.5 14.1
Rent or royalties 5.1 8.2 9.1 7.9 11.4 12.2 2.3 4.5 6.9
Estates or trusts 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.4
Veterans' benefits 6.2 7.2 4.0 7.2 8.1 5.3 5.2 6.2 3.0
Unemployment compensation 6.0 7.5 1.7 9.1 10.0 2.6 2.9 4.8 1.0
Workers' compensation 2.1 0.8 0.4 2.7 1.1 0.5 1.6 0.4 0.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 27.4 15.8 12.4 12.1 7.1 5.3 42.5 25.7 17.4
Cash public assistance 8.2 3.8 2.7 2.3 3.0 1.7 14.0 4.7 3.4
Supplemental Security Income 7.2 3.3 2.4 1.6 2.3 1.4 12.7 4.4 3.1
Other 1.1 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.3 1.5 0.3 0.4
Noncash benefits 25.6 14.3 11.4 11.2 5.6 4.4 40.0 24.1 16.4
Food 18.9 10.3 6.8 8.9 4.5 2.9 28.8 16.8 9.6
Energy 9.7 4.8 4.0 2.9 2.3 1.5 16.5 7.6 5.8
Housing 9.1 4.6 4.7 2.7 0.6 1.0 15.4 9.0 7.3
Personal contributions 1.8 1.1 0.9 1.1 0.8 0.4 2.5 1.4 1.2
Number (thousands) 2,504 3,094 25,576 1,246 1,640 10,675 1,258 1,454 14,902
  Nonbeneficiary units
Earnings 84.6 80.0 48.4 95.1 90.1 68.9 73.1 70.1 36.6
Wages and salaries 80.3 75.0 45.4 91.6 85.5 64.2 67.9 64.8 34.6
Self-employment 11.3 11.6 6.5 15.2 15.8 12.8 7.0 7.5 2.9
Retirement benefits 11.6 18.3 22.0 13.1 21.9 24.8 10.0 14.7 20.4
Social Security 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Benefits other than Social Security 11.6 18.3 22.0 13.1 21.9 24.8 10.0 14.7 20.4
Other public pensions 6.3 10.1 14.3 7.4 13.2 15.3 5.1 7.2 13.7
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.6 3.2 0.2 1.1 4.5 0.1 0.2 2.4
Government employee pensions 6.1 9.6 11.2 7.2 12.2 11.0 4.9 7.0 11.4
Military 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.7 2.0 1.9 1.1 0.4 0.7
Federal 1.4 3.2 4.5 1.3 4.5 4.1 1.4 2.0 4.8
State or local 3.5 5.4 6.1 4.3 6.0 5.7 2.5 4.7 6.3
Private pensions or annuities 5.6 9.2 8.5 6.1 10.4 10.6 5.1 8.1 7.3
Income from assets 53.8 56.3 40.4 65.3 64.6 54.9 41.1 48.3 31.9
Interest 50.4 53.5 38.1 61.6 61.9 52.4 37.9 45.2 29.9
Other income from assets 26.2 27.9 17.5 34.3 34.4 25.5 17.3 21.5 12.9
Dividends 22.0 23.3 13.7 28.6 29.7 19.7 14.6 17.1 10.2
Rent or royalties 8.0 9.7 5.9 10.9 12.4 9.1 4.7 7.1 4.1
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.4 0 0 0.2 0.8 0.3
Veterans' benefits 2.3 3.0 1.7 2.5 3.4 2.0 2.0 2.7 1.5
Unemployment compensation 9.5 7.4 3.4 10.3 9.4 5.6 8.7 5.4 2.1
Workers' compensation 1.0 1.3 0.4 1.5 2.0 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.1
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 11.3 11.1 18.7 5.3 5.5 11.2 17.9 16.5 23.0
Cash public assistance 5.1 6.3 10.4 2.7 3.3 6.7 7.7 9.2 12.4
Supplemental Security Income 4.7 6.0 10.1 2.4 3.2 6.6 7.1 8.7 12.1
Other 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0 0.1 0.8 0.5 0.4
Noncash benefits 9.4 8.1 14.3 3.8 3.5 8.0 15.6 12.5 17.9
Food 7.5 6.4 10.5 3.1 2.9 6.2 12.3 9.8 13.1
Energy 2.6 2.1 3.2 1.0 0.8 1.6 4.3 3.4 4.1
Housing 2.4 2.2 4.5 0.4 0.2 1.7 4.6 4.1 6.1
Personal contributions 1.7 1.5 1.0 1.0 0.3 0.4 2.5 2.6 1.4
Number (thousands) 16,831 4,034 4,064 8,845 1,990 1,487 7,986 2,043 2,577
 
Income Sources of Aged Units Table 2.A3 Percentage with income from specified source, by marital status, race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2010
Source of income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
  All units
Earnings 81.1 68.0 26.8 65.7 48.1 22.5 83.3 70.1 24.2 73.6 59.0 25.7
Wages and salaries 76.7 62.8 23.7 63.9 46.5 21.6 77.9 67.8 21.6 69.4 53.4 23.9
Self-employment 11.4 10.6 5.3 4.3 3.3 1.5 11.8 7.0 3.4 7.9 7.3 3.5
Retirement benefits 22.9 54.5 90.7 26.4 54.9 85.5 12.5 34.9 66.6 19.2 45.6 74.6
Social Security 12.5 44.3 87.8 16.9 43.4 81.2 7.0 25.8 63.7 13.3 38.7 72.7
Benefits other than Social Security 13.6 28.0 41.6 13.0 23.1 29.9 6.7 17.4 24.0 7.9 15.5 18.5
Other public pensions 6.6 11.8 16.0 7.1 10.4 11.0 4.3 5.0 11.2 4.5 7.1 6.3
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.3 0 0 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.4
Government employee pensions 6.4 11.4 15.3 7.0 10.3 10.8 4.3 5.0 11.1 4.3 6.7 5.9
Military 1.2 1.5 2.2 2.8 1.8 0.8 1.6 0.1 2.7 0.4 0.5 0.4
Federal 1.4 2.8 4.0 1.4 3.4 3.5 0.8 1.7 3.5 1.0 1.5 1.8
State or local 4.0 7.5 9.9 2.9 5.3 7.1 2.0 3.3 5.8 2.9 4.7 3.8
Private pensions or annuities 7.4 17.7 28.0 6.5 14.0 20.3 2.4 14.0 14.9 3.5 8.9 13.1
Income from assets 55.4 57.4 55.9 26.1 26.7 24.9 49.6 44.3 34.5 25.2 25.2 24.4
Interest 52.0 54.3 52.3 23.2 25.1 22.8 46.5 42.4 31.2 23.3 22.8 22.3
Other income from assets 27.4 28.2 26.6 9.2 8.2 8.2 19.9 17.5 15.0 9.3 8.4 7.6
Dividends 23.0 23.0 20.9 6.4 6.6 5.6 15.7 14.6 11.6 6.5 6.5 4.2
Rent or royalties 8.2 10.1 9.4 3.7 2.6 3.7 7.4 5.3 6.0 4.0 3.7 4.0
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.4 0.4 0 0.1 0 0 0.1 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 2.5 5.1 3.8 4.4 2.9 3.1 2.1 3.3 2.1 1.5 4.9 1.5
Unemployment compensation 9.4 7.6 1.9 7.2 5.9 2.1 7.3 11.1 1.7 8.7 7.2 2.1
Workers' compensation 1.2 1.1 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.4 0.6 2.5 0.4 1.8 1.5 0.7
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 11.0 10.8 11.0 27.9 28.6 27.7 9.2 10.4 22.9 20.0 25.1 26.9
Cash public assistance 4.5 4.2 2.8 11.8 12.1 8.4 2.8 2.6 10.9 6.7 10.7 9.6
Supplemental Security Income 4.1 3.8 2.6 10.9 11.9 7.5 2.6 2.6 10.6 6.0 9.0 8.7
Other 0.4 0.4 0.3 1.4 0.2 0.9 0.2 0 0.3 0.9 1.7 1.0
Noncash benefits 9.4 8.9 9.9 24.7 23.7 25.1 8.1 8.6 17.6 17.4 21.1 22.3
Food 7.4 6.6 6.0 18.9 18.8 16.4 4.7 4.8 11.6 13.6 17.1 16.7
Energy 2.8 2.8 3.4 7.3 7.0 7.2 2.0 0 4.3 3.7 3.1 4.5
Housing 2.4 2.3 3.9 8.8 9.5 10.2 3.9 4.0 7.8 4.6 6.3 7.6
Personal contributions 1.7 1.2 0.9 1.8 1.8 1.0 2.8 2.2 1.6 1.6 1.4 0.8
Number (thousands) 15,787 5,932 25,268 2,409 816 2,873 747 246 1,047 1,885 573 2,257
  Married couples
Earnings 91.8 80.7 40.3 89.1 69.3 43.2 95.1 81.3 37.1 85.4 77.3 38.7
Wages and salaries 88.1 75.6 35.8 87.6 68.6 41.7 90.8 78.1 32.9 81.2 71.3 35.0
Self-employment 14.9 13.8 9.1 8.0 4.5 3.6 14.0 11.0 5.9 10.8 9.8 6.6
Retirement benefits 23.7 58.1 91.8 31.9 60.2 89.0 12.2 37.1 71.2 20.2 49.8 78.3
Social Security 12.3 45.9 89.0 16.3 49.5 83.6 5.8 27.6 67.8 13.2 41.9 75.7
Benefits other than Social Security 15.4 33.0 49.5 22.2 27.8 43.3 7.6 20.5 29.5 8.9 18.6 26.5
Other public pensions 7.8 14.3 20.8 12.3 13.0 17.0 5.3 6.9 13.1 4.5 10.1 10.1
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.4 0 0.4 0 0 0.1 0.2 0.9 0.5
Government employee pensions 7.6 13.7 20.0 12.0 13.0 16.8 5.3 6.9 13.0 4.3 9.2 9.6
Military 1.5 1.9 2.8 5.4 3.7 1.7 1.9 0.2 1.8 0.4 1.2 0.9
Federal 1.4 4.1 5.4 1.7 3.0 5.0 0.8 2.5 4.7 1.3 3.4 3.3
State or local 4.9 8.2 13.0 5.0 6.3 11.2 2.5 4.3 7.4 2.6 4.8 5.7
Private pensions or annuities 8.3 20.6 32.7 10.9 17.1 30.5 2.4 16.4 19.8 4.6 9.5 17.9
Income from assets 65.5 65.9 66.5 37.9 39.5 41.9 59.7 51.4 42.5 32.7 33.1 35.3
Interest 61.9 62.7 62.7 33.6 37.5 38.9 56.4 48.3 39.8 30.1 30.7 32.0
Other income from assets 34.7 34.4 35.3 15.4 14.2 16.1 24.2 21.8 19.4 12.8 9.3 11.6
Dividends 29.0 28.8 28.4 10.2 10.4 11.9 19.1 17.3 15.8 9.0 7.0 6.3
Rent or royalties 10.9 12.7 12.4 6.7 6.4 6.5 9.9 8.5 8.1 5.8 4.8 6.1
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.1 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 2.7 5.6 5.0 7.6 3.2 4.7 2.9 3.7 2.2 1.9 7.6 1.7
Unemployment compensation 10.1 9.7 2.9 10.9 8.6 3.6 9.1 13.3 2.5 11.3 11.5 2.8
Workers' compensation 1.7 1.5 0.5 1.8 1.3 0.5 1.0 4.0 0.8 2.6 2.7 1.0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 5.3 5.3 4.8 13.4 13.0 13.6 6.4 9.8 17.5 14.4 15.1 20.0
Cash public assistance 2.4 2.7 1.7 5.3 6.6 5.0 1.4 4.3 8.7 4.5 6.8 7.9
Supplemental Security Income 2.1 2.3 1.5 4.7 6.6 4.4 1.0 4.3 8.3 3.8 5.7 7.1
Other 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.6 0 0.8 0.3 0 0.4 0.8 1.1 0.8
Noncash benefits 4.0 4.0 3.9 10.9 8.0 11.4 5.7 6.9 13.8 12.2 12.3 16.6
Food 3.4 3.3 2.7 8.6 6.6 8.3 3.3 4.2 9.2 10.1 9.9 11.5
Energy 1.1 1.5 1.3 1.9 1.1 3.5 0.7 0 3.2 2.5 1.0 4.0
Housing 0.5 0.2 0.8 2.6 0.8 1.5 1.8 2.7 5.8 1.6 3.7 4.7
Personal contributions 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.7 1.3 0.4 1.9 1.0 1.3 1.4 0.5 0.8
Number (thousands) 8,750 3,167 10,727 735 255 760 448 147 489 884 258 757
  Nonmarried persons
Earnings 67.8 53.5 16.8 55.4 38.4 15.1 65.6 53.3 12.9 63.2 44.0 19.1
Wages and salaries 62.5 48.2 14.8 53.5 36.5 14.4 58.5 52.4 11.8 58.9 38.7 18.2
Self-employment 7.0 7.0 2.4 2.7 2.8 0.8 8.5 1.2 1.2 5.3 5.3 1.9
Retirement benefits 22.0 50.5 89.8 24.0 52.6 84.3 12.9 31.8 62.5 18.3 42.1 72.7
Social Security 12.7 42.5 86.9 17.2 40.6 80.3 8.8 23.1 60.2 13.3 36.0 71.2
Benefits other than Social Security 11.3 22.4 35.7 9.0 21.0 25.0 5.3 12.8 19.3 7.1 13.1 14.5
Other public pensions 5.1 8.9 12.5 4.8 9.2 8.9 2.9 2.4 9.4 4.5 4.6 4.4
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.1 0.6 0 0.1 0.2 0 0 0 0.2 0 0.4
Government employee pensions 5.0 8.8 11.9 4.8 9.1 8.7 2.9 2.4 9.4 4.3 4.6 4.0
Military 0.8 1.0 1.8 1.7 0.9 0.5 1.1 0 3.5 0.5 0 0.2
Federal 1.4 1.4 2.9 1.2 3.6 2.9 0.7 0.6 2.4 0.8 0 1.0
State or local 2.9 6.6 7.6 2.0 4.9 5.6 1.2 1.8 4.3 3.2 4.6 2.9
Private pensions or annuities 6.2 14.3 24.5 4.6 12.6 16.6 2.4 10.4 10.6 2.6 8.5 10.7
Income from assets 42.9 47.8 48.2 20.9 20.8 18.8 34.3 33.8 27.5 18.6 18.7 18.9
Interest 39.7 44.7 44.6 18.7 19.5 17.1 31.6 33.5 23.6 17.2 16.3 17.3
Other income from assets 18.3 21.2 20.2 6.5 5.4 5.4 13.4 11.2 11.1 6.1 7.6 5.6
Dividends 15.6 16.4 15.4 4.8 4.8 3.3 10.6 10.6 7.9 4.2 6.2 3.1
Rent or royalties 4.9 7.2 7.2 2.3 0.9 2.7 3.6 0.6 4.1 2.5 2.8 3.0
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.7 0.4 0 0.1 0 0 0.3 0.1 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 2.3 4.5 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.5 1.0 2.7 1.9 1.1 2.7 1.4
Unemployment compensation 8.6 5.2 1.1 5.5 4.6 1.6 4.6 7.9 1.0 6.3 3.6 1.7
Workers' compensation 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0 1.0 0.4 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 18.1 17.2 15.6 34.2 35.7 32.7 13.4 11.3 27.6 24.9 33.3 30.4
Cash public assistance 7.1 6.0 3.6 14.6 14.7 9.6 5.0 0 12.8 8.8 13.9 10.5
Supplemental Security Income 6.6 5.6 3.5 13.6 14.4 8.6 5.0 0 12.6 7.9 11.7 9.5
Other 0.7 0.5 0.3 1.7 0.3 1.0 0.1 0 0.2 0.9 2.2 1.1
Noncash benefits 16.0 14.5 14.3 30.8 30.9 30.0 11.8 11.3 20.9 21.9 28.4 25.2
Food 12.5 10.3 8.5 23.5 24.4 19.3 6.7 5.8 13.7 16.8 23.0 19.3
Energy 4.9 4.2 5.0 9.6 9.7 8.6 4.0 0 5.3 4.8 4.8 4.7
Housing 4.8 4.6 6.1 11.5 13.5 13.4 7.0 6.0 9.4 7.2 8.5 9.1
Personal contributions 2.5 2.1 1.2 2.3 2.0 1.2 4.1 4.0 1.9 1.7 2.2 0.8
Number (thousands) 7,037 2,765 14,541 1,674 561 2,113 299 99 558 1,001 315 1,500
 
Income Sources of Aged Units Table 2.A4 Percentage with income from specified source, by Social Security beneficiary status, race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2010
Source of income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
  Beneficiary units
Earnings 44.1 49.1 23.2 27.3 31.4 18.1 a a 21.3 32.2 38.7 19.2
Wages and salaries 41.0 44.4 20.3 25.9 30.8 17.2 a a 18.9 28.8 34.4 17.8
Self-employment 5.1 7.9 5.0 2.3 2.0 1.4 a a 3.2 5.2 5.2 2.5
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 a a 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 a a 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 25.4 40.2 44.1 20.8 26.7 31.4 a a 33.2 15.1 22.4 22.8
Other public pensions 9.2 13.4 16.0 7.0 8.7 10.8 a a 15.4 4.7 8.7 7.1
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0 0.3 0 0 0.1 a a 0 0 0 0.2
Government employee pensions 9.0 13.4 15.8 7.0 8.7 10.7 a a 15.4 4.7 8.7 6.9
Military 1.3 2.0 2.4 2.2 1.3 0.9 a a 4.0 0 0.3 0.6
Federal 1.5 2.3 3.9 1.2 1.5 3.1 a a 5.1 0 2.3 1.9
State or local 6.2 9.7 10.3 3.6 6.2 7.4 a a 7.6 4.7 6.2 4.7
Private pensions or annuities 17.6 28.5 30.7 14.3 19.2 22.3 a a 20.7 10.3 13.6 16.9
Income from assets 37.3 52.3 57.3 20.4 26.5 25.1 a a 42.5 13.4 23.9 27.0
Interest 34.3 49.2 53.5 18.2 24.7 22.9 a a 39.2 12.6 21.8 24.7
Other income from assets 15.5 24.0 27.5 6.2 10.5 8.3 a a 18.2 7.3 8.9 8.2
Dividends 11.6 18.6 21.6 4.1 8.8 5.7 a a 14.4 4.1 7.4 4.3
Rent or royalties 5.5 8.8 9.8 2.9 3.8 3.7 a a 6.9 4.2 4.1 4.6
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.2 0.4 0 0 0 a a 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 5.7 7.5 4.0 8.4 4.6 3.7 a a 2.9 1.8 5.9 1.9
Unemployment compensation 6.5 7.8 1.7 3.0 3.5 1.6 a a 1.2 5.1 4.4 1.7
Workers' compensation 2.3 0.9 0.4 1.7 0 0.4 a a 0.4 2.2 1.3 0.8
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 24.0 13.8 10.4 41.1 29.1 27.4 a a 19.8 38.0 33.4 26.6
Cash public assistance 6.7 3.4 2.1 13.8 6.5 6.4 a a 6.4 10.2 11.0 8.5
Supplemental Security Income 6.1 2.9 1.9 11.8 6.5 5.5 a a 6.1 8.8 8.5 7.4
Other 0.7 0.6 0.3 2.0 0 1.0 a a 0.4 1.4 2.5 1.2
Noncash benefits 22.5 12.3 9.6 37.6 27.0 25.3 a a 17.2 34.6 29.2 22.6
Food 16.8 8.8 5.6 26.5 21.3 15.7 a a 11.5 26.1 21.6 16.2
Energy 8.8 4.3 3.6 12.0 7.6 7.7 a a 3.5 8.0 5.2 4.8
Housing 7.2 3.6 4.0 17.7 11.1 10.4 a a 8.3 9.4 10.9 9.0
Personal contributions 1.7 0.8 0.8 2.1 2.6 1.0 a a 2.1 0.5 0.6 1.0
Number (thousands) 1,975 2,630 22,185 408 354 2,333 52 63 668 250 221 1,641
  Nonbeneficiary units
Earnings 86.4 83.1 52.1 73.5 60.9 41.7 86.8 77.0 29.2 79.9 71.8 43.0
Wages and salaries 81.8 77.5 48.8 71.7 58.6 40.8 81.0 74.4 26.4 75.5 65.3 40.0
Self-employment 12.3 12.8 7.5 4.7 4.3 2.2 12.0 9.0 3.9 8.3 8.6 6.1
Retirement benefits 11.9 18.3 23.5 11.4 20.4 23.0 5.9 12.3 7.9 6.9 11.2 7.0
Social Security 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Benefits other than Social Security 11.9 18.3 23.5 11.4 20.4 23.0 5.9 12.3 7.9 6.9 11.2 7.0
Other public pensions 6.3 10.4 15.7 7.1 11.6 12.0 4.1 2.0 3.7 4.5 6.1 4.4
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.7 3.8 0.1 0.1 1.0 0 0 0.2 0.2 0.7 1.2
Government employee pensions 6.1 9.8 12.1 7.0 11.5 11.2 4.1 2.0 3.5 4.3 5.4 3.2
Military 1.1 1.1 1.3 2.9 2.2 0.4 1.7 0 0.4 0.5 0.7 0
Federal 1.4 3.2 4.9 1.4 4.9 5.2 0.8 0 0.6 1.2 1.1 1.7
State or local 3.7 5.7 6.5 2.7 4.6 5.7 1.6 2.0 2.5 2.7 3.7 1.6
Private pensions or annuities 5.9 9.1 8.4 4.9 10.0 11.6 1.8 10.3 4.7 2.5 6.0 3.2
Income from assets 58.0 61.5 45.9 27.2 26.8 23.8 50.4 42.5 20.3 27.0 25.9 17.5
Interest 54.6 58.3 43.6 24.2 25.5 22.4 47.1 40.7 17.1 24.9 23.4 15.7
Other income from assets 29.1 31.6 20.4 9.8 6.3 7.6 19.9 18.5 9.4 9.5 8.0 6.2
Dividends 24.7 26.5 16.2 6.9 4.9 4.9 16.0 15.3 6.7 6.8 6.0 3.8
Rent or royalties 8.6 11.2 6.6 3.8 1.7 3.7 6.8 5.4 4.3 4.0 3.4 2.7
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.4 0.2 0 0.2 0.2 0 0.2 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 2.1 3.2 1.9 3.5 1.6 0.6 2.1 0.3 0.5 1.5 4.3 0.5
Unemployment compensation 9.8 7.4 3.3 8.0 7.6 4.6 7.3 8.3 2.4 9.2 8.9 3.2
Workers' compensation 1.0 1.3 0.4 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.7 2.4 0.4 1.7 1.6 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 9.2 8.5 15.4 25.2 28.2 28.8 8.5 10.5 28.3 17.2 19.8 27.8
Cash public assistance 4.2 4.9 7.9 11.4 16.5 17.0 2.3 3.5 18.6 6.2 10.6 12.7
Supplemental Security Income 3.8 4.6 7.8 10.7 16.1 16.3 2.0 3.5 18.5 5.5 9.4 12.3
Other 0.4 0.3 0.2 1.2 0.4 0.7 0.2 0 0.1 0.8 1.2 0.4
Noncash benefits 7.5 6.1 11.9 22.1 21.2 24.2 7.5 8.1 18.3 14.8 16.0 21.6
Food 6.1 4.8 8.6 17.4 16.9 19.2 4.6 5.7 11.8 11.7 14.4 18.0
Energy 1.9 1.5 2.6 6.3 6.5 5.2 1.5 0 5.7 3.1 1.8 3.8
Housing 1.7 1.2 3.4 7.0 8.2 9.5 3.2 2.8 6.9 3.9 3.5 3.9
Personal contributions 1.6 1.5 1.1 1.8 1.2 0.7 2.5 2.0 0.7 1.7 2.0 0.5
Number (thousands) 13,811 3,302 3,083 2,000 462 540 695 182 380 1,635 351 616
a. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.
Income Sources of Aged Units Table 2.A5 Percentage distribution of units with number and type of retirement benefits, by marital status, age, and receipt of earnings and income from assets, 2010
Retirement benefits Aged 55–61 Aged 62–64 Aged 65 or older
Total Earnings Income from assets Total Earnings Income from assets Total Earnings Income from assets
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
  All units
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No benefit 76.9 84.2 49.8 78.3 75.5 46.3 58.5 22.9 45.9 46.6 10.7 21.6 6.8 7.1 14.6
One benefit type 19.7 13.6 42.4 17.7 21.7 36.4 28.6 51.4 32.8 40.6 52.5 47.4 54.3 44.5 61.1
Social Security only 9.8 4.6 29.2 5.0 14.9 26.7 18.7 42.1 19.6 34.9 49.6 43.9 51.6 41.1 58.8
Private pension or annuity only 4.6 4.1 6.8 6.0 3.2 4.6 4.8 4.2 6.2 2.8 1.1 1.6 0.9 1.1 1.0
Government employee pension only 5.1 4.9 6.1 6.6 3.5 4.9 5.0 4.7 6.7 2.9 1.5 1.8 1.3 1.8 1.0
Railroad Retirement only 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.3 0 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.3
Two benefit types 3.2 2.1 7.3 3.7 2.8 16.6 12.4 24.6 20.1 12.5 34.6 29.3 36.5 45.0 23.4
Social Security and federal pension only 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.7 0.5 1.2 0.7 0.7 2.4 1.8 2.6 3.2 1.5
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state, local, or military pension only 0.8 0.5 1.8 1.0 0.6 3.9 3.2 5.3 5.0 2.8 8.4 8.4 8.4 11.3 5.2
Social Security and private pension only 2.0 1.3 4.8 2.2 1.8 11.1 7.9 17.2 13.3 8.6 23.3 18.6 25.0 29.6 16.5
Other combination 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.8 0.7 0.9 1.1 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.3
Three or more benefit types 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.3 0 0.8 0.6 1.1 1.2 0.2 2.2 1.7 2.4 3.4 1.0
Number (thousands) 19,335 15,264 4,070 9,903 9,432 7,128 4,681 2,447 3,793 3,335 29,640 7,804 21,836 15,385 14,255
  Married couples
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No benefit 76.2 80.3 31.4 77.6 73.8 42.8 50.5 12.5 41.6 45.0 9.2 16.9 3.9 7.3 12.5
One benefit type 19.3 16.3 51.3 17.8 21.8 36.1 33.3 47.3 34.3 39.3 45.4 46.9 44.3 40.1 54.7
Social Security only 8.2 6.0 32.7 5.1 13.5 25.1 22.6 35.0 20.8 32.6 42.5 43.1 42.1 37.0 52.2
Private pension or annuity only 5.0 4.5 10.1 5.6 4.0 4.8 4.5 6.0 6.1 2.5 1.2 1.7 0.8 1.1 1.3
Government employee pension only 6.0 5.8 8.3 7.0 4.2 5.9 6.1 5.1 6.9 4.2 1.2 1.9 0.8 1.4 0.9
Railroad Retirement only 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0 0.3 0.1 1.2 0.5 0 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.4
Two benefit types 4.2 3.3 15.0 4.2 4.3 20.0 15.6 37.6 22.7 15.3 41.5 33.8 46.8 47.7 30.6
Social Security and federal pension only 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.5 1.0 0.7 2.3 0.9 1.2 3.2 2.2 4.0 3.8 2.2
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state, local, or military pension only 1.1 0.8 3.7 1.3 0.7 4.3 3.8 6.3 5.1 2.8 10.5 10.1 10.9 12.7 6.7
Social Security and private pension only 2.5 1.9 9.8 2.3 2.9 13.5 10.1 26.7 15.5 10.1 26.8 21.1 30.8 30.1 21.1
Other combination 0.4 0.3 1.4 0.4 0.3 1.2 0.9 2.2 1.2 1.2 0.9 0.5 1.2 1.1 0.6
Three or more benefit types 0.3 0.1 2.2 0.4 0.1 1.1 0.7 2.6 1.4 0.5 3.9 2.3 5.0 4.9 2.2
Number (thousands) 10,091 9,245 846 6,361 3,730 3,631 2,900 731 2,298 1,333 12,162 4,927 7,235 7,759 4,403
  Nonmarried persons
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No benefit 77.7 90.1 54.7 79.6 76.6 49.8 71.5 27.3 52.6 47.8 11.7 29.6 8.2 6.9 15.5
One benefit type 20.1 9.5 40.1 17.6 21.7 36.7 20.9 53.1 30.4 41.4 57.4 48.1 59.2 49.0 63.9
Social Security only 11.6 2.6 28.3 4.8 15.8 28.4 12.3 45.2 17.7 36.5 54.5 45.1 56.4 45.2 61.7
Private pension or annuity only 4.3 3.4 6.0 6.8 2.7 4.4 5.3 3.4 6.2 3.0 1.0 1.4 0.9 1.1 0.9
Government employee pension only 4.2 3.4 5.5 6.0 3.0 3.9 3.2 4.5 6.4 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.6 2.2 1.1
Railroad Retirement only 0.1 0 0.3 0.1 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.3 0 0.4 0.4 0.3
Two benefit types 2.1 0.4 5.3 2.8 1.7 13.0 7.2 19.0 16.1 10.7 29.8 21.7 31.4 42.3 20.2
Social Security and federal pension only 0.1 0 0.2 0 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.7 0.4 0.4 1.8 1.3 1.9 2.6 1.1
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state, local, or military pension only 0.5 0.1 1.3 0.5 0.6 3.6 2.3 4.9 4.8 2.7 6.9 5.5 7.2 10.0 4.5
Social Security and private pension only 1.4 0.3 3.5 2.0 1.1 8.6 4.3 13.1 10.1 7.6 20.8 14.5 22.1 29.2 14.4
Other combination 0.1 0 0.3 0.2 0 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.1
Three or more benefit types 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.9 0.1 1.0 0.7 1.1 1.8 0.4
Number (thousands) 9,244 6,019 3,224 3,542 5,701 3,498 1,782 1,716 1,495 2,003 17,478 2,877 14,601 7,625 9,853
 
Income Sources of Units 65 or Older Table 2.A6 Percentage with income from specified source, by marital status and quintile of total money income, 2010
Source of income All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
First Second Third Fourth Fifth First Second Third Fourth Fifth First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Earnings 4.5 8.2 18.5 36.8 63.6 10.1 22.9 38.5 55.3 75.7 3.5 5.1 8.8 20.8 44.0
Wages and salaries 3.5 7.1 15.9 32.6 58.5 7.9 19.9 33.5 51.0 69.0 3.0 4.1 7.9 18.1 40.3
Self-employment 1.1 1.1 3.3 6.3 12.5 2.7 5.0 7.7 10.5 17.4 0.6 1.1 1.0 3.2 5.2
Retirement benefits 74.5 96.4 95.3 93.2 87.3 85.0 95.9 95.6 92.2 85.4 66.6 96.3 97.3 94.7 86.4
Social Security 72.8 94.3 92.9 89.1 82.4 82.6 93.9 92.8 89.5 80.0 64.6 95.0 95.3 91.7 79.6
Benefits other than Social Security 6.1 23.5 46.5 62.8 59.8 13.3 41.7 66.2 64.3 56.0 4.7 11.1 32.2 60.0 60.7
Other public pensions 1.8 5.8 13.9 25.6 29.8 4.4 10.4 25.3 30.5 31.0 1.2 2.9 7.7 19.4 28.5
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.6 0.7 1.2 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.6 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.7 1.0 0.5
Government employee pensions 1.6 5.1 13.3 24.6 29.3 3.9 9.9 24.1 29.6 30.3 1.1 2.6 6.9 18.6 28.0
Military 0.1 0.7 1.2 4.0 4.6 0.1 0.9 3.2 4.6 5.0 0 0.3 1.0 2.3 4.9
Federal 0.6 1.6 3.2 7.3 7.0 1.5 3.7 7.3 7.2 7.5 0.6 0.8 1.9 4.5 6.8
State or local 0.9 2.9 9.0 14.7 19.8 2.4 5.7 14.7 20.1 20.3 0.4 1.5 4.3 12.1 17.8
Private pensions or annuities 4.4 18.0 34.2 41.2 35.4 9.3 32.7 45.8 41.1 30.9 3.5 8.4 24.9 42.6 35.3
Income from assets 19.7 36.8 53.6 66.3 83.1 33.8 56.0 65.1 76.5 87.6 15.5 27.1 41.8 59.4 74.4
Interest 18.3 33.8 49.9 61.4 78.8 31.2 52.4 61.6 71.9 83.8 14.2 25.2 38.7 55.2 68.2
Other income from assets 5.1 11.8 20.1 31.0 53.4 10.4 22.6 29.8 42.9 61.3 4.4 7.0 13.7 22.1 42.3
Dividends 3.4 8.4 14.5 24.5 44.0 7.6 16.4 24.3 32.8 52.4 2.9 4.1 10.7 16.2 33.8
Rent or royalties 1.9 3.7 7.3 10.6 20.0 3.2 8.5 9.3 15.7 22.4 1.5 3.2 3.6 8.2 16.1
Estates or trusts 0 0.2 0.3 0.4 1.0 0.1 0 0.1 0.7 0.8 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 1.2
Veterans' benefits 1.3 1.6 4.2 5.6 5.7 2.1 4.8 5.5 6.1 6.2 1.3 1.2 1.9 4.2 5.4
Unemployment compensation 0.6 0.8 1.4 3.2 3.5 1.2 1.9 3.6 4.2 3.9 0.5 0.5 0.8 1.9 2.1
Workers' compensation 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.7 0 0.4 0.7 1.0 0.7 0 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.6
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 33.8 19.3 7.9 3.5 1.7 17.4 5.5 3.4 2.2 1.5 35.1 30.2 16.2 7.1 2.6
Cash public assistance 11.6 3.7 1.5 1.1 0.7 6.8 1.6 1.3 1.0 0.9 13.7 6.1 2.1 1.2 0.4
Supplemental Security Income 11.3 3.3 1.4 0.7 0.6 6.5 1.4 0.9 0.8 0.6 13.3 5.9 1.7 1.0 0.2
Other 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.2
Noncash benefits 30.1 17.9 7.0 2.8 1.1 15.0 4.7 2.5 1.3 0.8 30.6 28.0 15.5 6.5 2.4
Food 21.1 8.9 3.6 1.9 0.9 10.3 2.3 1.9 1.2 0.8 23.3 16.3 6.1 3.2 1.5
Energy 10.0 6.5 2.5 0.4 0 5.2 2.1 0.4 0 0 9.9 9.6 5.9 2.1 0.1
Housing 12.3 8.0 2.2 0.7 0.1 3.9 0.8 0.6 0.1 0 11.9 12.7 8.1 2.4 0.7
Personal contributions 0.7 0.8 1.6 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.9 0.9 2.2 1.5
Number (thousands) 5,927 5,928 5,926 5,931 5,928 2,430 2,434 2,431 2,433 2,434 3,489 3,497 3,501 3,495 3,497
NOTE: Quintile limits are $12,554, $20,145, $32,602, and $57,957 for all units; $24,970, $36,967, $54,360, and $86,754 for married couples; and $10,037, $14,525, $20,433, and $34,417 for nonmarried persons.
Income Sources of Beneficiary Units 65 or Older Table 2.A7 Percentage of Social Security beneficiary aged units with income from specified source, by proportion of income from Social Security and marital status, 2010
Source of income Proportion of income from Social Security
Less than 50 percent 50–89 percent 90–99 percent 100 percent
All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
Earnings 49.8 61.1 35.3 16.8 23.1 11.8 3.2 4.8 2.4 0 0 0
Wages and salaries 44.7 55.4 30.8 14.3 19.3 10.3 2.7 3.6 2.3 0 0 0
Self-employment 9.9 13.2 5.5 3.2 5.0 1.8 0.5 1.3 0.1 0 0 0
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 64.4 63.7 65.3 61.9 63.9 60.4 17.8 21.8 15.7 0 0 0
Other public pensions 32.7 34.4 30.6 13.9 15.3 12.8 0.9 1.5 0.6 0 0 0
Railroad Retirement 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0
Government employee pensions 32.4 34.1 30.2 13.5 14.9 12.5 0.9 1.5 0.6 0 0 0
Military 5.1 4.9 5.3 1.7 1.7 1.7 0 0 0 0 0 0
Federal 8.9 10.0 7.4 2.6 2.9 2.4 0.4 0.6 0.3 0 0 0
State or local 20.5 21.8 18.9 9.4 10.5 8.6 0.5 0.9 0.3 0 0 0
Private pensions or annuities 37.2 36.4 38.2 50.2 52.1 48.7 16.9 20.3 15.2 0 0 0
Income from assets 74.2 77.3 70.1 60.4 66.1 56.1 80.9 80.6 81.1 0 0 0
Interest 69.5 73.7 64.1 56.1 61.7 51.7 76.5 76.3 76.6 0 0 0
Other income from assets 43.3 47.5 37.9 25.3 30.5 21.3 20.1 23.1 18.6 0 0 0
Dividends 34.7 38.9 29.2 19.7 24.2 16.2 15.8 19.3 14.0 0 0 0
Rent or royalties 16.5 17.2 15.6 8.0 9.6 6.8 4.9 5.3 4.7 0 0 0
Estates or trusts 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 6.9 7.0 6.8 4.4 5.4 3.7 2.5 4.5 1.5 0 0 0
Unemployment compensation 3.1 3.7 2.4 1.9 2.8 1.2 0.1 0 0.2 0 0 0
Workers' compensation 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.1 0 0.2 0 0 0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 4.4 3.0 6.2 11.9 5.4 16.8 15.6 7.1 19.8 23.0 12.0 26.0
Cash public assistance 1.9 1.8 2.1 5.5 2.3 8.1 3.3 1.7 4.1 0 0 0
Supplemental Security Income 1.7 1.5 1.9 5.2 1.9 7.8 2.5 1.2 3.1 0 0 0
Other 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.4 1.3 0 0 0
Noncash benefits 3.5 1.9 5.5 10.0 4.6 14.1 14.7 6.3 18.9 23.0 12.0 26.0
Food 2.2 1.6 3.1 5.4 3.0 7.2 7.5 3.2 9.8 14.8 7.8 16.8
Energy 0.9 0.5 1.6 3.9 1.6 5.7 5.6 2.6 7.2 7.7 4.4 8.6
Housing 1.3 0.4 2.5 4.1 0.8 6.7 7.3 1.6 10.1 9.1 3.4 10.6
Personal contributions 1.3 0.4 2.3 1.2 0.6 1.6 0.6 0.3 0.8 0 0 0
Number (thousands) 8,803 4,960 3,843 7,384 3,227 4,158 3,197 1,078 2,119 6,011 1,300 4,711
NOTE: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
Family Income Sources of Aged Persons Table 2.B1 Percentage with family income from specified source, by sex, marital status, and age, 2010
Source of family income Aged 55–61 Aged 62–64 Aged 65 or older
Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older
  All persons
Earnings 84.3 72.6 38.2 56.2 40.1 30.2 21.4
Wages and salaries 81.0 68.5 35.2 52.2 36.8 27.9 19.3
Self-employment 11.7 10.5 6.4 9.5 6.8 4.7 3.6
Retirement benefits 31.5 61.3 90.9 84.8 92.7 93.8 94.3
Social Security 20.8 51.5 88.0 80.4 90.3 91.4 92.5
Benefits other than Social Security 17.6 32.1 43.0 40.2 43.7 45.9 43.5
Other public pensions 8.5 13.7 17.1 17.5 17.2 18.4 15.9
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.6
Government employee pensions 8.3 13.3 16.5 16.8 16.6 17.6 15.4
Military 1.7 1.9 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.5 2.8
Federal 1.8 3.3 4.5 4.2 4.4 5.2 4.7
State or local 5.0 8.4 10.6 11.7 11.1 11.0 8.6
Private pensions or annuities 9.9 20.1 28.9 25.3 30.2 30.9 30.6
Income from assets 56.2 57.6 56.9 58.5 55.6 56.4 56.5
Interest 53.3 55.5 53.8 55.2 52.6 53.9 53.2
Other income from assets 27.3 27.5 27.1 29.5 27.7 26.3 24.5
Dividends 23.2 23.5 22.0 24.1 22.8 20.7 19.7
Rent or royalties 8.1 8.5 9.1 9.9 8.9 9.6 8.1
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.4
Veterans' benefits 3.4 5.1 4.2 3.8 3.5 4.4 5.1
Unemployment compensation 10.8 9.0 3.9 5.4 4.1 3.0 2.6
Workers' compensation 1.4 1.2 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.6
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 12.1 11.5 12.2 11.2 11.8 13.8 12.5
Cash public assistance 6.2 5.5 4.6 4.8 4.3 5.1 4.3
Supplemental Security Income 5.6 4.8 4.1 4.4 3.8 4.6 3.8
Other 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5
Noncash benefits 9.5 8.8 10.0 9.0 9.8 11.5 10.3
Food 7.4 6.6 6.3 6.1 6.3 7.1 5.8
Energy 2.9 2.5 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.6 3.2
Housing 2.5 2.4 3.8 3.0 3.7 4.6 4.1
Personal contributions 2.2 1.8 1.4 1.5 1.1 1.3 1.5
Number (thousands) 26,829 10,155 39,179 12,160 9,254 7,088 10,676
  All men
Earnings 85.4 75.2 41.7 60.9 43.8 31.5 21.0
Wages and salaries 81.6 70.8 38.2 56.9 39.7 29.1 18.1
Self-employment 12.7 11.3 7.6 10.8 8.1 5.3 4.6
Retirement benefits 27.1 57.3 90.3 83.8 92.3 94.1 94.3
Social Security 16.7 46.2 87.4 79.7 89.4 92.3 92.3
Benefits other than Social Security 15.2 30.4 45.5 41.0 45.5 48.1 49.8
Other public pensions 7.6 12.7 18.1 16.8 18.5 19.5 18.6
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.6 1.0 0.9 0.6
Government employee pensions 7.4 12.3 17.4 16.1 17.6 18.8 17.9
Military 1.7 1.7 2.7 2.5 2.0 3.0 3.2
Federal 1.5 3.4 5.0 4.1 5.0 5.1 6.3
State or local 4.3 7.6 10.8 10.6 11.4 11.7 9.6
Private pensions or annuities 8.2 19.5 30.9 26.6 31.2 32.6 35.1
Income from assets 57.5 59.1 58.8 58.9 58.3 57.4 60.4
Interest 54.6 56.7 55.7 55.4 55.3 55.1 57.0
Other income from assets 28.2 28.9 28.8 29.1 30.2 27.9 27.7
Dividends 24.1 24.4 23.5 23.5 25.3 22.7 22.1
Rent or royalties 8.3 9.5 9.6 9.4 9.9 9.6 9.7
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.1
Veterans' benefits 3.7 6.8 5.4 4.6 4.3 5.2 7.5
Unemployment compensation 11.3 10.3 4.3 6.3 4.4 2.9 2.5
Workers' compensation 1.5 1.4 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.2 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 10.3 10.4 9.6 10.0 9.0 10.0 9.4
Cash public assistance 5.0 5.5 3.8 4.4 3.1 3.6 3.9
Supplemental Security Income 4.5 4.9 3.3 4.0 2.5 3.2 3.2
Other 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.7
Noncash benefits 8.1 7.1 7.7 7.9 7.4 8.2 7.4
Food 6.3 5.5 4.9 5.5 4.8 5.2 3.9
Energy 2.0 1.8 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.0
Housing 2.0 1.7 2.7 2.5 2.4 3.2 3.0
Personal contributions 1.6 1.1 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.0 0.9
Number (thousands) 13,050 4,896 17,081 5,600 4,242 3,065 4,174
  Married men
Earnings 92.9 82.0 46.1 68.1 48.5 33.2 19.3
Wages and salaries 90.2 78.4 42.3 63.9 44.1 30.4 16.1
Self-employment 14.5 12.5 8.9 12.6 9.3 6.4 4.9
Retirement benefits 27.1 59.0 91.5 84.7 93.7 95.5 95.9
Social Security 15.4 47.0 88.5 80.0 90.9 93.8 94.3
Benefits other than Social Security 16.7 33.0 48.8 44.9 49.4 51.7 51.9
Other public pensions 8.7 14.2 20.5 19.4 20.6 21.9 20.8
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.1 1.0 0.5
Government employee pensions 8.5 13.6 19.7 18.7 19.6 21.3 20.3
Military 1.9 2.0 2.8 2.9 1.8 3.2 3.4
Federal 1.6 4.1 5.5 4.6 5.5 5.7 6.5
State or local 5.1 8.1 12.8 12.6 13.2 13.6 11.7
Private pensions or annuities 8.8 21.0 32.4 28.3 33.6 34.3 35.6
Income from assets 63.9 63.9 64.3 64.8 63.8 61.1 67.0
Interest 61.2 61.5 61.4 61.5 61.0 58.8 64.0
Other income from assets 32.7 32.0 33.0 33.3 34.5 30.8 32.8
Dividends 28.2 27.4 27.2 26.8 29.0 25.2 27.2
Rent or royalties 9.7 10.7 11.0 10.9 11.2 10.9 10.8
Estates or trusts 0.4 0 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.2
Veterans' benefits 3.3 5.7 5.1 4.5 4.6 4.6 6.9
Unemployment compensation 11.6 11.0 4.2 6.7 4.3 2.6 1.6
Workers' compensation 1.7 1.6 0.6 1.0 0.8 0.2 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.7 5.7 7.3 7.1
Cash public assistance 3.7 4.1 3.2 3.5 2.5 3.4 3.3
Supplemental Security Income 3.3 3.5 2.8 3.1 1.9 2.9 3.1
Other 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.2
Noncash benefits 4.6 4.4 4.8 4.6 4.1 5.5 5.4
Food 3.8 3.5 3.3 3.4 2.8 3.8 3.2
Energy 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.6
Housing 0.6 0.4 1.0 0.7 0.7 1.4 1.6
Personal contributions 1.8 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.1 0.7
Number (thousands) 8,974 3,506 12,049 4,070 3,158 2,271 2,550
  Nonmarried men
Earnings 69.0 57.9 31.0 41.8 30.2 26.8 23.6
Wages and salaries 62.8 51.6 28.4 38.6 27.1 25.2 21.3
Self-employment 8.6 8.2 4.5 5.9 4.7 2.4 4.0
Retirement benefits 27.1 53.0 87.6 81.4 88.2 90.1 91.9
Social Security 19.5 44.2 84.8 78.6 85.0 87.9 89.1
Benefits other than Social Security 11.9 23.8 37.6 30.6 34.3 37.9 46.4
Other public pensions 5.3 8.9 12.4 9.6 12.4 12.4 15.1
Railroad Retirement 0.4 0 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8
Government employee pensions 4.9 8.9 11.8 9.2 11.9 11.8 14.3
Military 1.1 0.9 2.4 1.7 2.6 2.4 3.1
Federal 1.3 1.8 4.0 2.7 3.4 3.3 6.0
State or local 2.5 6.3 6.0 5.2 6.1 6.5 6.4
Private pensions or annuities 7.1 15.6 27.3 22.2 24.1 27.5 34.2
Income from assets 43.3 47.1 45.8 43.0 42.3 46.8 50.2
Interest 40.0 44.4 42.1 39.3 38.8 44.3 46.0
Other income from assets 18.3 21.0 18.7 18.0 17.6 19.6 19.7
Dividends 15.2 17.0 14.6 14.7 14.7 15.7 14.1
Rent or royalties 5.1 6.5 6.4 5.3 6.1 5.9 7.9
Estates or trusts 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.4 0 0.1
Veterans' benefits 4.7 9.3 6.1 5.0 3.7 6.6 8.4
Unemployment compensation 10.6 8.2 4.4 5.1 4.6 3.8 3.8
Workers' compensation 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 0 0.7
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 18.2 19.5 16.7 18.8 18.7 17.7 12.9
Cash public assistance 7.9 9.2 5.3 6.7 4.9 4.3 4.7
Supplemental Security Income 7.2 8.5 4.6 6.2 4.4 4.0 3.4
Other 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.3 1.3
Noncash benefits 15.8 14.1 14.5 16.6 16.8 15.9 10.5
Food 12.0 10.6 8.7 11.1 10.8 9.2 5.0
Energy 4.0 3.1 3.9 4.7 4.6 4.0 2.6
Housing 5.2 5.0 6.8 7.2 7.4 8.4 5.1
Personal contributions 1.4 1.4 0.7 0.8 0.2 0.8 1.0
Number (thousands) 4,075 1,390 5,032 1,530 1,084 795 1,624
  All women
Earnings 83.3 70.1 35.5 52.1 36.9 29.3 21.6
Wages and salaries 80.4 66.5 32.9 48.1 34.3 27.1 20.0
Self-employment 10.9 9.8 5.4 8.4 5.7 4.3 2.9
Retirement benefits 35.7 65.0 91.3 85.6 93.0 93.6 94.2
Social Security 24.7 56.4 88.5 81.1 91.0 90.7 92.7
Benefits other than Social Security 19.9 33.7 41.0 39.5 42.2 44.1 39.5
Other public pensions 9.4 14.7 16.4 18.1 16.1 17.5 14.2
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.5
Government employee pensions 9.2 14.2 15.8 17.4 15.7 16.6 13.7
Military 1.7 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.7 2.1 2.6
Federal 2.1 3.2 4.2 4.2 3.9 5.2 3.6
State or local 5.6 9.2 10.5 12.7 10.8 10.5 7.9
Private pensions or annuities 11.5 20.7 27.4 24.2 29.3 29.7 27.7
Income from assets 55.1 56.2 55.4 58.2 53.4 55.7 53.9
Interest 52.2 54.5 52.4 55.0 50.4 53.0 50.8
Other income from assets 26.5 26.1 25.8 29.9 25.6 25.1 22.5
Dividends 22.4 22.7 20.8 24.5 20.7 19.1 18.1
Rent or royalties 7.9 7.6 8.7 10.3 8.1 9.5 7.1
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.3 0.6
Veterans' benefits 3.1 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.8 3.9 3.6
Unemployment compensation 10.4 7.8 3.6 4.7 3.7 3.1 2.6
Workers' compensation 1.4 1.1 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.6
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 13.8 12.4 14.1 12.2 14.1 16.7 14.5
Cash public assistance 7.4 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.2 4.5
Supplemental Security Income 6.5 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.6 4.2
Other 1.1 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5
Noncash benefits 10.8 10.3 11.8 9.9 11.9 14.0 12.3
Food 8.3 7.6 7.3 6.6 7.5 8.6 7.1
Energy 3.7 3.1 4.1 3.7 4.2 4.8 4.0
Housing 3.0 3.1 4.6 3.5 4.8 5.6 4.9
Personal contributions 2.7 2.4 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.5 1.9
Number (thousands) 13,780 5,259 22,098 6,561 5,012 4,023 6,502
  Married women
Earnings 89.4 75.3 39.0 55.3 38.8 25.0 15.6
Wages and salaries 86.5 71.2 35.2 50.1 35.4 22.1 13.4
Self-employment 13.8 12.2 8.1 11.4 7.7 5.3 3.8
Retirement benefits 38.8 72.4 93.0 90.0 94.9 94.9 94.9
Social Security 26.6 63.6 90.5 86.1 93.0 93.3 93.8
Benefits other than Social Security 23.5 40.4 49.6 46.9 50.3 51.2 53.6
Other public pensions 11.2 17.8 20.7 21.6 19.3 21.8 20.0
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.2 0.5
Government employee pensions 10.9 17.1 19.9 20.6 18.6 20.7 19.6
Military 2.2 2.7 2.6 2.3 1.9 3.3 3.9
Federal 2.3 4.3 5.7 5.1 5.5 7.3 5.9
State or local 6.7 10.6 13.1 15.2 12.2 12.2 10.3
Private pensions or annuities 13.7 24.7 33.5 29.6 35.9 33.9 38.1
Income from assets 64.3 64.2 64.6 66.6 60.2 64.6 67.2
Interest 61.2 63.1 61.5 63.0 57.0 61.6 65.0
Other income from assets 33.1 31.8 33.6 36.2 32.6 32.1 30.7
Dividends 27.8 28.4 27.6 29.4 27.7 25.6 25.8
Rent or royalties 10.4 8.7 11.2 13.3 9.2 11.5 9.3
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.9 0.3 0 0.2
Veterans' benefits 4.2 4.4 4.9 4.5 3.8 5.5 7.0
Unemployment compensation 11.2 8.9 3.4 4.7 3.7 2.6 0.9
Workers' compensation 1.8 1.3 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.8 6.3 6.2 5.4 6.6 7.0 6.7
Cash public assistance 4.1 3.7 2.9 2.7 3.1 3.0 2.8
Supplemental Security Income 3.8 3.0 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.7 2.6
Other 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.2
Noncash benefits 4.4 4.1 4.5 3.5 5.1 5.6 4.9
Food 3.4 3.4 3.0 2.7 3.0 4.0 2.7
Energy 1.5 0.9 1.4 1.1 1.8 1.4 1.8
Housing 0.7 0.6 1.0 0.5 1.5 1.1 1.6
Personal contributions 1.4 1.2 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.4
Number (thousands) 8,611 3,151 9,652 3,752 2,598 1,743 1,559
  Nonmarried women
Earnings 73.0 62.5 32.8 47.8 34.8 32.5 23.5
Wages and salaries 70.1 59.4 31.1 45.3 33.1 30.8 22.1
Self-employment 6.0 6.1 3.3 4.3 3.4 3.5 2.7
Retirement benefits 30.6 54.0 89.9 79.7 91.0 92.6 94.0
Social Security 21.5 45.7 87.0 74.4 88.9 88.8 92.4
Benefits other than Social Security 13.8 23.6 34.3 29.8 33.5 38.8 35.1
Other public pensions 6.5 10.1 13.0 13.5 12.7 14.3 12.3
Railroad Retirement 0 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.5
Government employee pensions 6.4 9.9 12.6 13.1 12.5 13.5 11.9
Military 1.0 1.4 1.6 0.8 1.6 1.2 2.2
Federal 1.8 1.7 2.9 3.1 2.2 3.7 2.9
State or local 3.7 6.9 8.4 9.4 9.3 9.1 7.2
Private pensions or annuities 7.8 14.7 22.6 16.9 22.1 26.5 24.4
Income from assets 39.7 44.3 48.3 47.0 46.0 48.9 49.8
Interest 37.1 41.6 45.3 44.3 43.2 46.5 46.4
Other income from assets 15.5 17.7 19.8 21.4 17.9 19.7 19.9
Dividends 13.4 14.1 15.5 18.1 13.3 14.1 15.7
Rent or royalties 3.9 5.9 6.8 6.4 7.0 8.0 6.5
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.4 0 0.4 0.8
Veterans' benefits 1.4 2.3 2.1 1.3 1.7 2.6 2.5
Unemployment compensation 8.9 6.1 3.7 4.8 3.8 3.6 3.2
Workers' compensation 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.7
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 25.5 21.6 20.3 21.3 22.3 24.1 17.0
Cash public assistance 12.7 8.0 7.0 8.7 7.6 8.5 5.0
Supplemental Security Income 11.2 7.3 6.5 7.9 7.3 7.9 4.7
Other 2.0 1.1 0.7 1.1 0.6 0.8 0.6
Noncash benefits 21.4 19.5 17.4 18.4 19.2 20.5 14.6
Food 16.6 14.0 10.6 11.7 12.4 12.1 8.4
Energy 7.5 6.4 6.2 7.1 6.9 7.3 4.8
Housing 6.9 6.9 7.3 7.5 8.3 9.0 5.9
Personal contributions 4.9 4.2 2.4 3.1 1.9 2.1 2.3
Number (thousands) 5,168 2,108 12,446 2,809 2,414 2,281 4,943
 
Family Income Sources of Aged Persons Table 2.B2 Percentage with family income from specified source, by family's Social Security beneficiary status and aged person's sex and age, 2010
Source of family income Total Men Women
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
  Persons in beneficiary families
Earnings 65.1 59.9 34.3 63.0 62.2 37.5 66.5 58.2 31.8
Wages and salaries 62.5 56.4 31.3 60.3 58.3 34.0 63.9 55.0 29.2
Self-employment 7.8 8.0 5.9 7.8 8.0 7.1 7.8 7.9 5.0
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 33.2 43.3 45.6 29.0 41.8 48.7 35.9 44.5 43.2
Other public pensions 13.3 15.6 17.3 11.5 13.9 18.6 14.5 16.9 16.4
Railroad Retirement 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.7 0 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3
Government employee pensions 13.0 15.5 17.1 10.8 13.9 18.3 14.4 16.8 16.2
Military 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.2 1.9 2.9 2.3 2.6 2.2
Federal 2.7 3.1 4.5 2.1 2.9 5.0 3.1 3.3 4.1
State or local 8.2 10.7 11.1 6.5 9.7 11.5 9.3 11.5 10.8
Private pensions or annuities 22.3 30.1 31.6 19.6 30.2 34.0 24.0 30.1 29.7
Income from assets 46.4 54.9 58.2 43.9 55.7 60.2 48.1 54.2 56.6
Interest 43.7 52.5 55.0 41.2 52.5 57.0 45.3 52.5 53.4
Other income from assets 20.7 24.9 28.1 17.8 26.6 29.8 22.6 23.7 26.7
Dividends 16.1 20.6 22.8 13.5 21.8 24.4 17.8 19.8 21.5
Rent or royalties 7.4 7.7 9.4 6.4 9.0 9.9 8.0 6.8 9.1
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.5
Veterans' benefits 7.3 6.9 4.5 8.1 9.8 5.7 6.8 4.8 3.6
Unemployment compensation 9.5 9.1 3.5 9.0 10.8 3.9 9.8 7.7 3.3
Workers' compensation 1.9 1.0 0.6 2.2 1.1 0.6 1.8 1.0 0.6
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 20.1 13.0 11.4 20.5 11.6 8.9 19.8 14.1 13.3
Cash public assistance 8.6 4.6 3.7 7.4 4.2 3.0 9.4 4.9 4.2
Supplemental Security Income 7.2 3.8 3.2 6.0 3.2 2.5 8.0 4.2 3.8
Other 1.7 1.0 0.5 1.8 1.0 0.5 1.6 0.9 0.6
Noncash benefits 16.7 10.6 9.6 17.2 9.0 7.3 16.3 11.8 11.4
Food 12.7 7.8 5.8 13.2 7.0 4.5 12.4 8.4 6.9
Energy 6.0 3.2 3.4 4.9 2.6 2.2 6.8 3.6 4.2
Housing 4.9 3.0 3.7 4.8 2.2 2.7 4.9 3.7 4.5
Personal contributions 2.2 1.6 1.2 2.1 1.0 0.8 2.2 2.2 1.6
Number (thousands) 5,584 5,231 34,493 2,180 2,263 14,932 3,404 2,968 19,561
  Persons in nonbeneficiary families
Earnings 89.4 86.0 67.1 89.9 86.4 70.4 88.8 85.5 64.3
Wages and salaries 85.8 81.4 64.1 85.9 81.5 67.3 85.8 81.3 61.3
Self-employment 12.8 13.2 9.8 13.6 14.1 11.1 11.9 12.1 8.7
Retirement benefits 13.5 20.2 23.7 12.5 20.6 23.3 14.6 19.7 24.0
Social Security 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Benefits other than Social Security 13.5 20.2 23.7 12.5 20.6 23.3 14.6 19.7 24.0
Other public pensions 7.3 11.7 15.7 6.9 11.6 14.9 7.7 11.9 16.3
Railroad Retirement 0.2 1.0 4.0 0.2 0.9 4.1 0.2 1.2 3.9
Government employee pensions 7.1 10.9 11.9 6.7 10.9 11.0 7.6 10.8 12.7
Military 1.5 1.6 1.2 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.1
Federal 1.6 3.5 4.7 1.4 3.9 5.0 1.8 3.2 4.4
State or local 4.1 5.9 6.8 3.8 5.7 5.3 4.4 6.2 8.1
Private pensions or annuities 6.7 9.5 9.4 6.0 10.3 9.4 7.4 8.6 9.3
Income from assets 58.8 60.5 47.6 60.2 62.1 49.3 57.4 58.8 46.0
Interest 55.9 58.8 45.2 57.2 60.3 46.6 54.4 57.0 44.1
Other income from assets 29.1 30.2 20.5 30.3 30.9 22.3 27.8 29.4 18.9
Dividends 25.1 26.6 16.1 26.2 26.7 17.2 23.9 26.4 15.2
Rent or royalties 8.3 9.3 6.9 8.7 10.0 8.1 7.9 8.6 5.9
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2
Veterans' benefits 2.4 3.2 1.9 2.9 4.2 2.7 1.9 2.0 1.2
Unemployment compensation 11.1 8.9 6.6 11.7 9.8 6.9 10.5 7.8 6.3
Workers' compensation 1.3 1.4 0.8 1.3 1.6 0.8 1.3 1.1 0.7
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 10.0 9.8 17.7 8.3 9.3 14.6 11.9 10.3 20.3
Cash public assistance 5.6 6.4 11.4 4.5 6.7 9.5 6.7 6.1 13.1
Supplemental Security Income 5.1 5.9 10.8 4.2 6.3 8.8 6.1 5.4 12.5
Other 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7
Noncash benefits 7.6 6.8 12.6 6.2 5.5 10.5 9.0 8.3 14.5
Food 6.0 5.4 9.4 5.0 4.3 7.8 7.0 6.6 10.8
Energy 2.1 1.8 2.6 1.5 1.2 2.1 2.7 2.5 3.1
Housing 1.9 1.8 4.2 1.5 1.3 2.9 2.4 2.4 5.3
Personal contributions 2.2 1.9 2.3 1.6 1.3 1.5 2.9 2.7 2.9
Number (thousands) 21,245 4,924 4,686 10,870 2,633 2,149 10,375 2,291 2,537
 
Family Income Sources of Aged Persons Table 2.B3 Percentage with family income from specified source, by sex, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2010
Source of family income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
  All persons
Earnings 85.5 73.5 37.0 74.6 59.9 41.1 91.2 84.5 55.4 84.6 75.7 53.0
Wages and salaries 81.9 69.0 33.9 73.0 58.6 39.4 87.3 82.3 52.7 81.7 72.1 50.3
Self-employment 12.6 11.5 6.6 5.3 3.9 3.6 12.5 8.2 6.8 11.2 10.9 6.1
Retirement benefits 31.3 62.1 92.1 36.6 62.1 87.8 21.0 44.5 70.1 28.1 55.0 78.8
Social Security 20.4 52.4 89.4 25.8 51.8 83.4 15.1 35.2 67.0 21.4 48.0 76.7
Benefits other than Social Security 18.0 33.1 44.7 17.6 27.7 33.1 9.7 22.3 27.9 11.0 20.0 22.1
Other public pensions 8.6 14.2 17.7 9.1 11.9 12.4 5.5 8.0 13.7 6.1 9.4 8.3
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.4 0.3 0 0 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.5
Government employee pensions 8.4 13.7 17.0 9.0 11.5 12.2 5.5 8.0 13.6 5.6 8.9 7.8
Military 1.5 1.9 2.4 3.3 1.8 1.1 1.8 2.0 3.1 0.7 0.5 0.6
Federal 1.8 3.5 4.5 1.9 3.2 4.0 1.5 2.0 4.9 1.4 2.3 2.2
State or local 5.3 8.8 11.0 3.9 6.8 7.9 2.2 4.1 6.7 3.6 6.5 5.2
Private pensions or annuities 10.3 20.6 30.1 9.5 18.1 22.8 4.6 15.4 17.3 5.6 11.3 15.5
Income from assets 59.8 61.0 60.2 30.5 31.3 29.7 56.7 54.7 48.8 31.0 29.2 31.8
Interest 57.0 58.8 57.1 27.2 30.2 27.4 52.8 53.2 45.0 28.7 26.9 29.5
Other income from assets 29.8 30.0 29.3 11.0 9.8 9.6 23.6 20.8 21.3 11.2 9.5 10.3
Dividends 25.6 25.7 23.8 8.0 8.1 6.8 19.2 18.3 17.2 8.0 7.8 6.3
Rent or royalties 8.6 9.3 9.7 4.1 3.2 3.9 8.6 6.5 7.5 4.9 3.9 5.1
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.3 0.4 0 0.1 0 0 0.1 0 0.1 0 0
Veterans' benefits 3.2 5.1 4.3 5.3 4.2 3.4 2.7 4.9 3.0 2.5 5.2 1.9
Unemployment compensation 10.9 9.0 3.6 10.2 6.7 5.3 9.9 15.8 5.9 11.7 10.9 6.9
Workers' compensation 1.5 1.1 0.6 1.1 0.6 0.7 1.3 3.4 0.9 2.1 2.1 1.2
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 10.1 9.4 10.0 26.7 26.7 27.3 9.0 11.7 22.0 19.9 23.4 26.6
Cash public assistance 5.2 4.5 3.6 14.0 13.2 10.7 4.0 4.3 11.8 9.6 12.5 11.5
Supplemental Security Income 4.7 3.9 3.2 12.2 11.8 9.3 3.8 4.3 11.1 8.2 9.6 10.0
Other 0.7 0.7 0.4 2.2 1.6 1.6 0.4 0 0.8 1.7 3.1 1.6
Noncash benefits 7.7 7.2 8.3 22.0 20.8 23.1 6.8 8.2 16.1 15.5 18.6 21.0
Food 6.1 5.4 5.1 17.0 16.6 15.2 4.1 4.5 10.9 11.9 15.0 15.8
Energy 2.4 2.1 2.9 6.4 5.8 6.7 1.5 0.6 3.8 3.5 2.6 4.2
Housing 1.8 1.7 3.1 7.5 7.7 8.9 3.0 4.2 7.0 4.0 5.3 7.0
Personal contributions 2.1 1.7 1.2 2.4 2.4 1.9 3.2 1.4 2.7 2.8 4.8 2.5
Number (thousands) 22,268 8,556 33,768 2,924 1,023 3,394 1,145 379 1,454 2,482 772 2,857
  All men
Earnings 86.9 76.4 40.6 73.0 59.1 43.3 93.0 86.4 58.6 85.0 80.1 54.1
Wages and salaries 82.9 71.5 37.0 70.9 57.0 42.1 88.8 84.9 55.4 82.2 75.1 51.1
Self-employment 13.5 12.1 7.9 6.1 5.3 3.5 13.4 8.9 7.7 11.5 12.5 7.4
Retirement benefits 26.3 57.9 91.4 36.2 60.7 87.8 16.8 40.3 69.0 23.1 53.1 78.0
Social Security 15.9 46.9 88.7 24.3 49.5 83.1 11.4 28.9 65.4 17.3 44.8 76.0
Benefits other than Social Security 15.2 31.2 47.1 17.7 25.8 36.7 7.5 22.5 28.9 8.1 20.3 23.6
Other public pensions 7.4 13.1 18.7 10.3 11.6 14.0 4.2 5.9 13.0 4.2 9.8 9.1
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.3 0 0.3 0 0 0.1 0.5 0.7 0.6
Government employee pensions 7.1 12.6 17.9 10.2 11.6 13.8 4.2 5.9 12.9 3.7 9.1 8.6
Military 1.3 1.6 2.8 4.3 2.5 1.3 1.7 0.2 2.0 0.3 0.9 0.6
Federal 1.4 3.6 5.0 1.8 2.7 4.8 0.8 2.2 5.2 1.1 3.0 3.2
State or local 4.4 7.9 11.2 4.1 6.6 8.5 1.6 3.7 6.7 2.2 5.3 5.0
Private pensions or annuities 8.5 19.9 31.9 8.6 16.1 25.4 3.4 18.9 19.6 4.3 11.4 16.3
Income from assets 60.9 62.5 61.6 31.6 32.2 34.3 58.3 55.0 49.2 30.6 32.2 32.8
Interest 58.0 59.9 58.4 28.1 30.6 31.8 55.1 53.2 45.7 28.5 29.4 30.0
Other income from assets 30.6 31.4 30.7 11.2 10.4 11.8 24.6 21.4 22.9 10.3 10.3 10.2
Dividends 26.5 26.6 25.1 7.8 8.3 8.7 19.9 18.2 19.1 7.4 8.1 5.9
Rent or royalties 8.8 10.3 10.1 4.3 3.7 4.7 8.4 6.7 8.1 4.3 4.4 5.3
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.2 0.4 0 0.2 0 0 0.2 0 0.1 0 0
Veterans' benefits 3.2 6.8 5.4 7.7 5.0 5.5 2.6 5.3 2.7 2.3 8.0 2.6
Unemployment compensation 11.5 10.3 4.0 10.6 8.6 5.8 8.7 15.4 6.3 11.7 13.2 7.8
Workers' compensation 1.4 1.3 0.7 1.7 0.7 0.6 1.0 4.3 0.7 2.1 2.3 0.9
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 8.7 8.5 7.8 23.3 24.7 22.5 6.8 10.3 20.8 19.0 22.4 23.8
Cash public assistance 4.3 4.5 2.9 10.8 13.2 9.6 2.6 5.6 10.4 8.6 12.8 9.0
Supplemental Security Income 3.9 4.0 2.6 9.6 12.0 7.6 2.3 5.6 9.7 7.3 9.5 7.4
Other 0.5 0.6 0.4 1.5 1.2 2.1 0.5 0 0.7 1.5 3.3 1.6
Noncash benefits 6.6 5.9 6.3 19.7 17.0 18.2 5.0 5.9 16.1 14.3 17.1 19.2
Food 5.3 4.7 4.0 15.2 12.4 12.0 2.6 3.6 9.5 11.7 13.7 14.0
Energy 1.7 1.7 1.9 4.1 3.4 4.1 0.8 0 4.3 2.5 1.7 3.9
Housing 1.5 1.1 2.1 5.7 6.9 7.3 2.1 2.3 7.8 2.9 5.8 6.0
Personal contributions 1.6 1.0 0.8 1.9 1.3 0.9 3.1 2.0 2.1 2.1 4.4 2.8
Number (thousands) 10,953 4,191 14,890 1,332 443 1,321 510 171 619 1,229 344 1,232
  Married men
Earnings 93.0 82.1 44.7 91.1 73.9 52.8 96.3 91.9 61.0 90.1 88.9 55.4
Wages and salaries 90.1 78.0 40.8 90.0 73.2 51.1 93.7 90.5 57.5 87.7 85.5 51.6
Self-employment 15.1 13.3 9.2 8.1 5.4 4.4 13.5 9.8 8.3 12.3 12.1 8.1
Retirement benefits 26.8 59.9 92.5 36.6 63.1 90.2 14.4 37.7 71.7 24.5 53.4 81.1
Social Security 15.3 47.7 89.7 20.0 52.7 84.7 8.3 28.3 68.2 17.5 44.9 78.6
Benefits other than Social Security 16.5 33.9 50.1 24.0 29.1 44.3 7.5 21.0 29.8 9.4 21.1 27.3
Other public pensions 8.4 14.6 21.0 13.5 13.6 17.1 4.7 7.0 13.3 4.9 11.4 10.6
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.4 0 0.4 0 0 0.1 0.2 1.0 0.5
Government employee pensions 8.2 14.0 20.2 13.2 13.6 17.0 4.7 7.0 13.2 4.7 10.5 10.1
Military 1.5 1.9 2.8 5.7 3.9 1.8 1.8 0.3 1.8 0.4 1.3 0.9
Federal 1.6 4.3 5.5 2.0 3.2 5.1 1.0 2.6 4.9 1.5 4.3 3.7
State or local 5.2 8.4 13.1 5.6 6.6 11.3 2.0 4.4 7.4 2.8 5.1 5.8
Private pensions or annuities 8.9 21.4 33.1 11.7 17.9 31.3 2.8 16.8 20.0 4.7 10.8 18.5
Income from assets 66.3 66.2 66.6 38.7 39.6 42.2 62.2 59.1 51.7 33.2 36.7 37.0
Interest 63.7 63.8 63.7 34.5 37.6 39.4 59.2 57.0 48.3 31.0 33.5 34.2
Other income from assets 34.6 34.1 34.8 14.5 14.2 15.6 25.4 22.7 22.7 11.7 10.5 12.1
Dividends 30.2 29.3 28.7 9.7 10.2 12.0 20.3 18.8 18.5 8.7 8.7 7.1
Rent or royalties 10.0 11.3 11.4 6.2 6.7 5.6 9.5 7.9 8.7 4.9 4.4 5.9
Estates or trusts 0.5 0.1 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0 0
Veterans' benefits 2.9 5.8 5.1 8.3 3.3 5.1 2.6 4.7 2.2 2.4 8.8 2.1
Unemployment compensation 11.5 10.9 4.0 12.4 9.4 6.0 10.2 18.2 6.4 12.7 14.5 5.7
Workers' compensation 1.7 1.5 0.6 2.0 1.4 0.6 1.1 5.0 0.8 2.8 3.1 1.0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.0 5.7 5.3 14.6 14.2 16.0 7.2 12.2 18.5 16.5 16.3 20.8
Cash public assistance 3.3 3.5 2.4 7.8 8.5 8.2 2.5 6.6 9.7 7.1 8.9 9.2
Supplemental Security Income 3.0 2.9 2.1 6.4 6.9 6.8 2.1 6.6 9.3 6.0 7.1 7.9
Other 0.5 0.6 0.3 1.3 1.6 1.5 0.4 0 0.5 1.4 1.8 1.3
Noncash benefits 3.9 3.9 3.8 10.7 7.6 11.5 5.5 7.0 13.9 12.3 12.8 16.2
Food 3.3 3.2 2.6 9.1 6.1 8.4 2.9 4.2 9.2 10.2 10.4 11.1
Energy 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.6 1.1 3.5 0.8 0 3.2 2.5 1.1 3.7
Housing 0.4 0.2 0.8 2.1 0.8 1.5 2.0 2.7 5.9 1.7 3.7 4.8
Personal contributions 1.7 0.9 0.9 2.4 1.2 1.3 2.8 1.1 2.5 2.1 4.1 3.1
Number (thousands) 7,765 3,058 10,627 658 244 752 407 145 488 778 242 736
  Nonmarried men
Earnings 72.0 61.0 30.4 55.3 40.9 30.8 80.0 a 49.5 76.1 59.4 52.2
Wages and salaries 65.2 54.0 27.5 52.2 37.2 30.3 69.1 a 47.9 72.5 50.7 50.3
Self-employment 9.5 9.0 4.7 4.1 5.2 2.2 13.2 a 5.5 10.0 13.5 6.3
Retirement benefits 25.1 52.6 88.9 35.8 57.6 84.6 25.9 a 59.1 20.6 52.3 73.4
Social Security 17.4 44.7 86.2 28.5 45.5 80.9 23.7 a 55.0 16.9 44.5 72.0
Benefits other than Social Security 12.0 24.0 39.8 11.5 21.6 26.7 7.5 a 25.7 5.9 18.5 18.1
Other public pensions 4.9 8.9 12.9 7.2 9.2 9.8 1.9 a 11.8 2.8 5.8 6.9
Railroad Retirement 0.5 0 0.7 0.1 0 0.2 0 a 0 1.0 0 0.7
Government employee pensions 4.4 8.9 12.2 7.1 9.2 9.6 1.9 a 11.8 1.8 5.8 6.2
Military 0.8 0.9 2.7 2.8 0.9 0.8 1.6 a 2.8 0.1 0 0.2
Federal 1.2 1.7 3.9 1.6 2.1 4.3 0.3 a 6.4 0.5 0 2.5
State or local 2.4 6.4 6.2 2.7 6.7 4.8 0 a 4.3 1.2 5.8 3.7
Private pensions or annuities 7.4 15.7 29.1 5.6 13.8 17.6 5.8 a 18.2 3.6 12.7 13.1
Income from assets 47.6 52.4 49.0 24.6 23.0 23.9 42.7 a 40.1 26.2 21.5 26.5
Interest 44.3 49.5 45.3 21.8 22.1 21.9 39.1 a 35.9 24.1 19.7 23.6
Other income from assets 20.6 24.1 20.3 7.9 5.9 6.8 21.7 a 23.7 7.9 9.6 7.5
Dividends 17.3 19.2 16.0 6.0 5.9 4.2 18.2 a 21.3 5.3 6.5 4.2
Rent or royalties 5.8 7.7 6.7 2.5 0 3.4 4.1 a 5.8 3.2 4.4 4.3
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.6 0.2 0 0.4 0 0 a 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 4.1 9.7 6.1 7.0 7.1 5.9 3.0 a 4.2 2.0 6.1 3.4
Unemployment compensation 11.3 8.6 4.1 8.8 7.6 5.6 2.7 a 6.2 10.1 10.1 10.8
Workers' compensation 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.3 0 0.5 0.7 a 0.2 0.9 0.4 0.8
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 15.3 16.1 14.1 31.7 37.5 31.1 5.1 a 29.1 23.2 36.6 28.2
Cash public assistance 6.8 7.5 4.1 13.9 18.9 11.5 3.0 a 13.0 11.3 21.9 8.7
Supplemental Security Income 6.2 6.8 3.8 12.6 18.2 8.7 3.0 a 11.5 9.5 15.0 6.6
Other 0.7 0.9 0.5 1.7 0.7 2.9 0.8 a 1.5 1.8 6.8 2.1
Noncash benefits 13.1 11.4 12.3 28.5 28.5 27.1 2.9 a 24.3 17.6 27.2 23.6
Food 10.1 8.7 7.4 21.3 20.0 16.8 1.1 a 10.6 14.4 21.6 18.2
Energy 3.2 2.5 3.6 6.5 6.1 4.9 0.8 a 8.2 2.6 3.3 4.2
Housing 4.4 3.4 5.3 9.3 14.4 15.1 2.6 a 14.9 4.9 10.8 7.8
Personal contributions 1.3 1.4 0.8 1.4 1.4 0.5 4.5 a 0.8 1.9 5.0 2.3
Number (thousands) 3,187 1,133 4,263 674 199 569 103 26 131 451 103 495
  All women
Earnings 84.1 70.6 34.2 75.9 60.5 39.7 89.7 82.9 53.1 84.3 72.2 52.2
Wages and salaries 81.0 66.5 31.4 74.7 59.7 37.7 86.1 80.1 50.7 81.3 69.6 49.7
Self-employment 11.7 10.8 5.5 4.7 2.8 3.8 11.7 7.6 6.2 10.8 9.6 5.1
Retirement benefits 36.1 66.0 92.6 37.0 63.2 87.8 24.5 47.9 71.0 33.0 56.5 79.3
Social Security 24.7 57.6 90.0 27.1 53.6 83.6 18.1 40.5 68.1 25.6 50.6 77.2
Benefits other than Social Security 20.8 35.0 42.8 17.6 29.3 30.9 11.5 22.1 27.2 13.8 19.8 21.0
Other public pensions 9.8 15.3 16.9 8.1 12.0 11.4 6.5 9.6 14.3 8.0 9.1 7.6
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.1 0.6 0.2 0 0 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.4
Government employee pensions 9.6 14.8 16.2 8.1 11.4 11.3 6.5 9.6 14.1 7.5 8.8 7.2
Military 1.6 2.2 2.0 2.5 1.2 0.9 1.8 3.6 4.0 1.0 0.2 0.6
Federal 2.1 3.4 4.1 1.9 3.5 3.5 2.1 1.8 4.7 1.6 1.7 1.5
State or local 6.1 9.7 10.9 3.7 6.9 7.5 2.6 4.3 6.7 5.0 7.5 5.3
Private pensions or annuities 12.0 21.4 28.7 10.3 19.6 21.2 5.6 12.5 15.6 6.9 11.2 14.9
Income from assets 58.8 59.7 59.1 29.5 30.6 26.8 55.4 54.4 48.5 31.4 26.8 31.1
Interest 56.1 57.8 56.0 26.5 29.9 24.5 51.0 53.3 44.5 28.9 24.9 29.2
Other income from assets 29.1 28.6 28.2 10.8 9.3 8.2 22.8 20.3 20.1 12.2 8.8 10.3
Dividends 24.8 24.8 22.8 8.1 7.9 5.6 18.7 18.4 15.9 8.5 7.6 6.6
Rent or royalties 8.4 8.4 9.4 3.9 2.8 3.4 8.7 6.3 7.1 5.6 3.5 4.9
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.4 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.6 2.1 2.8 4.5 3.3 2.7 2.9 1.4
Unemployment compensation 10.4 7.7 3.3 9.9 5.2 5.0 11.0 16.1 5.6 11.7 9.1 6.2
Workers' compensation 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.8 1.6 2.6 1.0 2.1 1.9 1.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 11.5 10.2 11.8 29.6 28.2 30.4 10.8 12.9 23.0 20.8 24.3 28.7
Cash public assistance 6.0 4.5 4.1 16.6 13.2 11.5 5.2 3.2 12.8 10.5 12.2 13.4
Supplemental Security Income 5.4 3.9 3.7 14.4 11.7 10.3 5.0 3.2 12.1 9.0 9.7 12.0
Other 0.8 0.7 0.5 2.8 1.9 1.2 0.3 0 0.8 1.8 3.0 1.5
Noncash benefits 8.8 8.5 9.9 23.9 23.8 26.3 8.3 10.1 16.2 16.7 19.9 22.4
Food 6.9 6.1 5.9 18.5 19.9 17.2 5.3 5.2 11.9 12.1 16.0 17.2
Energy 3.0 2.6 3.6 8.4 7.6 8.4 2.0 1.2 3.4 4.4 3.4 4.4
Housing 2.1 2.3 3.9 9.0 8.3 9.8 3.7 5.7 6.4 5.0 4.9 7.8
Personal contributions 2.7 2.3 1.6 2.8 3.3 2.5 3.2 1.0 3.1 3.5 5.2 2.3
Number (thousands) 11,315 4,365 18,878 1,593 579 2,073 635 208 835 1,253 428 1,625
  Married women
Earnings 89.3 75.3 37.9 88.1 64.7 44.8 94.2 87.9 52.2 88.0 77.7 51.7
Wages and salaries 86.3 70.9 34.0 86.8 63.4 41.4 91.4 84.3 49.4 85.3 73.7 48.0
Self-employment 14.3 13.0 8.3 8.2 4.2 4.8 12.3 10.6 7.2 12.2 14.2 5.4
Retirement benefits 38.7 72.6 94.0 48.8 77.8 91.3 26.9 58.4 75.6 34.1 67.8 83.1
Social Security 26.4 63.9 91.6 33.9 70.4 86.5 19.9 48.9 72.4 24.6 61.8 80.7
Benefits other than Social Security 23.8 40.9 50.9 28.7 41.5 43.1 13.4 29.0 33.4 16.3 26.9 29.1
Other public pensions 11.3 18.1 21.0 13.8 14.9 17.5 6.7 13.1 17.3 8.0 13.6 11.6
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.8 1.0 0.2 1.4 0.2 0 0 0.4 1.0 0 0.6
Government employee pensions 11.0 17.5 20.1 13.8 13.5 17.5 6.7 13.1 16.9 7.0 13.6 11.0
Military 1.9 2.5 2.5 5.3 1.5 2.3 1.9 5.5 4.0 1.1 0.3 1.3
Federal 2.3 4.7 5.5 2.1 2.0 5.9 2.2 2.3 7.4 1.7 3.4 2.5
State or local 7.0 10.9 13.5 6.5 10.0 10.7 2.6 5.3 7.6 4.3 10.9 7.7
Private pensions or annuities 13.9 24.7 34.4 16.9 30.2 30.2 7.2 15.9 20.7 9.9 14.5 20.1
Income from assets 66.4 66.2 66.8 40.6 42.0 39.5 62.1 59.9 55.6 38.0 34.0 34.9
Interest 63.5 65.0 63.7 36.2 42.0 36.0 58.8 58.5 51.8 34.8 31.1 33.3
Other income from assets 34.9 33.5 35.3 17.2 16.1 14.4 26.0 23.2 25.9 15.8 11.5 11.3
Dividends 29.4 29.9 29.1 13.2 13.7 9.5 22.3 20.5 21.9 11.8 8.5 7.5
Rent or royalties 10.6 9.1 11.7 6.2 5.4 5.9 10.1 8.4 8.4 7.2 6.1 5.4
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.2 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 3.8 4.0 5.0 7.5 6.4 3.3 3.7 6.6 4.3 3.8 3.3 2.1
Unemployment compensation 11.2 8.6 3.3 12.0 5.7 4.1 11.0 18.7 4.3 13.1 10.9 4.8
Workers' compensation 1.9 1.2 0.5 1.3 1.0 0.8 2.3 2.4 0.7 2.5 2.6 1.8
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.1 5.2 4.9 14.3 16.2 16.2 6.9 11.3 17.5 14.1 14.7 20.0
Cash public assistance 3.7 3.1 2.2 9.2 10.0 7.1 3.4 4.7 10.2 6.7 7.1 8.5
Supplemental Security Income 3.5 2.6 1.9 7.8 7.5 6.3 3.4 4.7 9.8 6.1 4.7 7.4
Other 0.4 0.6 0.3 1.4 2.5 1.0 0 0 0.4 1.2 2.5 1.0
Noncash benefits 3.9 3.6 3.6 9.6 9.7 12.1 4.7 7.3 12.4 9.9 11.0 16.6
Food 3.1 3.0 2.4 7.8 8.5 8.5 3.4 3.8 8.9 7.0 8.4 13.0
Energy 1.4 0.9 1.2 2.8 0.7 3.9 0.4 1.8 2.5 2.6 1.2 3.3
Housing 0.6 0.4 0.8 2.3 0.5 1.4 1.1 4.4 5.0 1.7 2.5 4.5
Personal contributions 1.4 1.1 0.7 1.4 2.0 1.0 2.3 0 3.3 2.3 4.8 2.3
Number (thousands) 7,465 2,733 8,601 593 218 530 439 135 408 703 216 621
  Nonmarried women
Earnings 74.1 62.7 31.0 68.7 58.0 38.0 79.6 a 54.0 79.5 66.7 52.6
Wages and salaries 70.8 59.1 29.2 67.6 57.5 36.4 74.4 a 51.8 76.3 65.5 50.8
Self-employment 6.7 7.1 3.2 2.6 2.0 3.4 10.4 a 5.2 9.1 5.0 4.9
Retirement benefits 31.1 55.0 91.4 29.9 54.5 86.6 19.1 a 66.6 31.6 45.0 77.0
Social Security 21.3 47.1 88.6 23.1 43.5 82.6 14.0 a 64.1 26.8 39.3 75.1
Benefits other than Social Security 14.9 25.1 36.0 11.0 21.9 26.7 7.2 a 21.3 10.7 12.6 16.0
Other public pensions 7.0 10.5 13.5 4.7 10.3 9.4 6.0 a 11.4 8.0 4.7 5.2
Railroad Retirement 0 0.2 0.6 0 0.2 0.2 0 a 0 0 0.6 0.3
Government employee pensions 7.0 10.3 13.0 4.7 10.1 9.1 6.0 a 11.4 8.0 4.0 4.9
Military 0.9 1.6 1.6 0.9 1.0 0.4 1.7 a 4.0 1.0 0 0.1
Federal 1.9 1.2 3.0 1.8 4.5 2.7 1.7 a 2.1 1.5 0 0.9
State or local 4.2 7.7 8.8 2.1 5.1 6.5 2.7 a 5.8 6.0 4.0 3.9
Private pensions or annuities 8.4 15.7 23.9 6.4 13.2 18.1 2.0 a 10.8 3.1 7.9 11.7
Income from assets 44.1 48.7 52.7 22.9 23.8 22.5 40.3 a 41.6 23.1 19.5 28.7
Interest 41.7 45.8 49.6 20.6 22.7 20.6 33.7 a 37.5 21.4 18.7 26.7
Other income from assets 17.9 20.5 22.3 7.0 5.3 6.1 15.5 a 14.5 7.5 6.1 9.6
Dividends 15.8 16.2 17.6 5.1 4.5 4.3 10.7 a 10.1 4.3 6.6 6.1
Rent or royalties 4.1 7.1 7.5 2.5 1.3 2.5 5.7 a 5.8 3.5 1.0 4.7
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.8 0.5 0 0 0.1 0 a 0.1 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 1.6 2.5 2.1 0.8 1.9 1.6 0.8 a 2.3 1.3 2.5 0.9
Unemployment compensation 8.9 6.1 3.3 8.7 4.9 5.3 11.1 a 6.9 10.0 7.2 7.0
Workers' compensation 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.7 0.1 a 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.2
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 21.8 18.7 17.5 38.7 35.4 35.2 19.5 a 28.2 29.5 34.0 34.1
Cash public assistance 10.5 6.8 5.7 21.0 15.2 13.0 9.3 a 15.2 15.4 17.4 16.5
Supplemental Security Income 9.3 6.1 5.3 18.3 14.2 11.7 8.4 a 14.2 12.7 14.8 14.9
Other 1.5 1.0 0.6 3.6 1.6 1.3 1.0 a 1.2 2.6 3.5 1.8
Noncash benefits 18.4 16.7 15.1 32.4 32.2 31.1 16.4 a 19.8 25.5 28.9 26.0
Food 14.4 11.4 8.9 24.9 26.8 20.1 9.5 a 14.7 18.7 23.7 19.9
Energy 6.2 5.4 5.6 11.7 11.7 9.9 5.6 a 4.4 6.6 5.5 5.0
Housing 5.1 5.5 6.5 13.0 12.9 12.7 9.4 a 7.8 9.2 7.3 9.8
Personal contributions 5.2 4.3 2.3 3.6 4.1 3.0 5.4 a 2.9 5.1 5.5 2.2
Number (thousands) 3,850 1,632 10,278 1,000 362 1,544 196 72 427 550 212 1,004
a. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.
Family Income Sources of Aged Persons Table 2.B4 Percentage with family income from specified source, by family's Social Security beneficiary status and aged person's race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2010
Source of family income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
  Persons in beneficiary families
Earnings 65.7 60.7 33.5 60.5 49.5 37.1 75.5 69.6 45.5 67.5 65.2 45.8
Wages and salaries 62.8 56.8 30.3 58.6 48.9 35.1 73.7 66.5 43.0 64.7 62.6 43.4
Self-employment 8.3 8.9 6.1 5.3 1.9 3.7 6.3 5.0 5.4 10.0 6.4 5.0
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 34.9 44.8 47.0 26.5 33.7 34.5 25.1 37.0 37.0 20.4 27.3 26.1
Other public pensions 14.1 16.1 17.8 9.4 11.8 12.1 11.4 14.3 18.1 9.2 11.8 9.0
Railroad Retirement 0.4 0.1 0.3 0 0 0.1 0 0 0 1.4 0.4 0.3
Government employee pensions 13.7 16.1 17.5 9.4 11.8 12.0 11.4 14.3 18.1 7.7 11.5 8.7
Military 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.5 1.5 1.1 1.8 2.4 4.4 0.8 0.3 0.7
Federal 2.7 3.3 4.5 2.1 1.6 3.6 4.9 5.6 7.0 1.4 2.8 2.2
State or local 8.9 11.1 11.5 4.9 9.0 8.0 4.6 6.6 8.4 5.6 8.5 6.1
Private pensions or annuities 23.4 31.0 32.6 18.4 24.4 24.9 16.0 25.7 23.4 13.6 16.1 19.1
Income from assets 49.6 57.4 61.1 28.1 32.3 30.0 53.7 59.9 53.6 28.2 31.3 33.6
Interest 46.8 54.9 57.9 25.0 31.4 27.5 53.2 58.1 50.1 26.3 26.9 31.3
Other income from assets 22.7 26.7 30.0 9.5 11.4 9.8 21.9 21.2 23.4 11.5 12.3 10.3
Dividends 17.7 22.0 24.5 7.2 10.0 7.1 17.8 19.5 19.3 8.3 9.1 6.3
Rent or royalties 7.8 8.3 10.0 3.7 3.7 3.8 10.9 6.8 7.8 5.8 5.5 5.4
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.3 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0 0
Veterans' benefits 7.2 6.9 4.5 8.3 6.3 3.8 4.1 9.0 4.2 3.8 6.9 2.2
Unemployment compensation 10.0 9.2 3.3 7.6 5.1 4.8 6.9 23.6 3.8 11.0 8.4 5.7
Workers' compensation 2.1 1.1 0.6 1.2 0.4 0.7 0.8 2.5 0.8 1.9 2.0 1.1
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 18.1 11.1 9.5 31.4 27.2 27.4 11.9 14.0 20.3 32.1 27.5 26.3
Cash public assistance 7.7 4.1 2.9 14.1 9.9 9.3 5.1 1.6 8.3 14.0 12.6 10.1
Supplemental Security Income 6.8 3.3 2.6 10.6 7.9 7.8 4.1 1.6 7.7 10.8 9.2 8.7
Other 1.3 0.8 0.4 3.6 2.4 1.6 1.6 0 0.7 3.7 3.8 1.5
Noncash benefits 14.7 8.9 8.0 27.0 22.8 23.7 10.8 12.4 16.2 25.7 22.6 21.0
Food 11.4 6.5 4.7 20.1 18.5 15.1 4.5 5.7 11.3 20.3 17.0 15.2
Energy 5.5 2.8 3.0 8.4 5.4 7.0 4.1 1.4 3.2 5.8 4.2 4.5
Housing 3.8 2.3 3.1 10.8 7.6 8.9 6.6 8.1 7.0 5.8 7.4 7.8
Personal contributions 2.2 1.3 1.1 2.0 3.4 1.6 4.0 1.4 3.2 2.7 4.5 2.3
Number (thousands) 4,536 4,480 30,197 755 530 2,830 173 133 974 532 371 2,191
  Persons in nonbeneficiary families
Earnings 90.6 87.5 67.1 79.5 71.1 61.5 94.0 92.5 75.5 89.3 85.4 76.8
Wages and salaries 86.8 82.3 63.7 78.0 69.0 61.0 89.7 90.8 72.5 86.4 80.8 72.9
Self-employment 13.7 14.3 10.8 5.3 6.0 3.3 13.6 9.9 9.8 11.5 15.1 9.9
Retirement benefits 13.7 20.4 25.1 14.5 21.3 26.4 6.9 14.3 9.5 8.4 13.4 8.9
Social Security 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Benefits other than Social Security 13.7 20.4 25.1 14.5 21.3 26.4 6.9 14.3 9.5 8.4 13.4 8.9
Other public pensions 7.2 12.1 17.2 9.0 11.9 14.3 4.4 4.5 4.9 5.3 7.2 6.0
Railroad Retirement 0.2 1.1 4.8 0.2 0.7 1.2 0 0 0.5 0.3 0.6 1.2
Government employee pensions 7.0 11.2 12.6 8.9 11.1 13.5 4.4 4.5 4.4 5.0 6.6 4.8
Military 1.3 1.4 1.3 3.6 2.0 0.9 1.8 1.8 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.3
Federal 1.6 3.7 5.0 1.8 4.9 5.8 0.9 0 0.6 1.4 1.9 2.4
State or local 4.3 6.3 7.3 3.6 4.4 7.3 1.7 2.7 3.3 3.1 4.7 2.1
Private pensions or annuities 6.9 9.3 9.4 6.4 11.2 12.8 2.6 9.7 5.1 3.4 6.9 3.8
Income from assets 62.5 65.1 52.1 31.3 30.2 28.2 57.2 51.9 39.0 31.8 27.3 26.1
Interest 59.7 63.1 49.8 28.0 29.0 26.7 52.8 50.6 34.6 29.4 26.9 23.7
Other income from assets 31.6 33.6 23.0 11.5 8.1 8.9 23.9 20.6 17.0 11.2 6.9 10.2
Dividends 27.6 29.7 18.4 8.3 6.0 5.6 19.5 17.6 13.1 7.9 6.6 6.5
Rent or royalties 8.8 10.5 7.3 4.2 2.7 4.4 8.2 6.3 7.0 4.7 2.4 4.0
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.4 0.2 0 0.2 0.2 0 0.1 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 2.1 3.2 2.1 4.3 2.0 1.1 2.5 2.6 0.7 2.1 3.5 0.9
Unemployment compensation 11.2 8.7 6.0 11.1 8.3 7.8 10.5 11.5 10.2 11.9 13.2 10.6
Workers' compensation 1.3 1.2 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.6 1.4 3.9 1.0 2.1 2.1 1.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 8.1 7.5 14.8 25.1 26.1 26.6 8.5 10.4 25.5 16.6 19.7 27.6
Cash public assistance 4.5 5.0 9.1 13.9 16.8 18.0 3.9 5.7 18.8 8.4 12.4 16.2
Supplemental Security Income 4.2 4.5 8.7 12.7 16.0 16.7 3.7 5.7 17.9 7.5 9.9 14.5
Other 0.5 0.5 0.4 1.7 0.8 1.3 0.2 0 0.8 1.1 2.4 1.7
Noncash benefits 6.0 5.4 10.8 20.3 18.7 20.1 6.1 5.9 16.0 12.7 15.0 21.0
Food 4.8 4.3 8.1 16.0 14.7 15.5 4.0 3.8 10.0 9.7 13.2 18.1
Energy 1.6 1.3 2.0 5.8 6.1 5.2 1.0 0.2 4.9 2.8 1.2 2.9
Housing 1.3 1.0 3.1 6.4 7.7 8.7 2.3 2.0 7.0 3.4 3.4 4.3
Personal contributions 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.5 1.4 3.0 3.0 1.5 1.7 2.8 5.0 3.0
Number (thousands) 17,731 4,077 3,571 2,169 493 564 971 245 480 1,949 401 666
 
Family Income Sources of Nonmarried Aged Persons Table 2.B5 Percentage with family income from specified source, by sex, marital status, and age, 2010
Source of family income Widowed Divorced Never married
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
  Men
Earnings 63.4 62.3 27.8 71.5 57.9 32.7 62.6 50.9 31.2
Wages and salaries 60.8 54.2 25.2 63.9 50.8 29.8 57.9 47.3 29.0
Self-employment 5.1 9.5 3.9 10.5 8.7 4.8 5.9 5.7 4.0
Retirement benefits 38.9 60.4 91.9 25.5 53.9 88.0 28.5 49.8 79.4
Social Security 25.0 48.9 88.7 17.2 43.7 85.4 23.8 43.3 76.4
Benefits other than Social Security 18.3 34.4 45.5 12.3 23.2 34.5 10.7 24.5 30.8
Other public pensions 8.9 12.2 14.5 5.6 8.8 10.9 3.9 9.2 12.8
Railroad Retirement 0.6 0 0.6 0.5 0 0.9 0.4 0 0.2
Government employee pensions 8.3 12.2 13.9 5.1 8.8 10.0 3.5 9.2 12.5
Military 1.4 0.6 3.2 1.5 1.3 1.8 0.3 0.7 1.5
Federal 3.2 1.7 5.2 1.2 1.9 2.4 1.0 1.0 5.3
State or local 3.7 10.5 6.3 2.4 5.7 6.2 2.1 7.5 6.2
Private pensions or annuities 11.1 28.0 33.9 7.1 14.4 24.6 6.9 15.3 20.6
Income from assets 43.2 53.4 49.1 43.0 49.3 44.3 44.2 41.9 49.0
Interest 40.3 50.0 45.7 39.7 47.0 39.6 41.7 39.1 45.1
Other income from assets 14.7 33.8 19.7 18.1 18.1 18.0 19.2 21.1 21.6
Dividends 12.3 26.6 15.4 14.2 14.8 14.5 17.4 16.3 15.9
Rent or royalties 5.2 10.2 7.1 5.6 5.9 6.0 3.6 6.0 7.6
Estates or trusts 1.3 0 0 0 0.5 0.2 0.1 1.4 0.4
Veterans' benefits 8.9 7.6 7.2 5.5 11.4 5.3 3.7 7.4 5.1
Unemployment compensation 11.4 14.8 4.5 10.7 8.1 4.0 9.7 5.9 3.5
Workers' compensation 2.2 0 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 16.9 10.3 13.3 15.9 19.0 17.2 22.8 25.2 23.9
Cash public assistance 5.3 3.2 4.1 6.4 8.5 5.4 11.4 13.2 8.4
Supplemental Security Income 4.7 1.3 3.4 5.7 8.0 4.9 10.7 12.4 8.1
Other 1.2 1.9 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.7 1.5 0.3
Noncash benefits 16.7 10.3 11.6 13.7 12.2 15.0 19.3 19.2 20.4
Food 15.5 7.4 6.4 10.9 9.7 8.9 13.7 13.7 13.2
Energy 6.3 4.3 2.6 3.3 2.9 4.6 4.2 2.5 5.1
Housing 5.5 0.3 5.7 3.5 3.9 7.1 7.6 9.5 8.8
Personal contributions 3.4 1.6 1.0 1.3 1.3 0.7 1.2 1.0 0
Number (thousands) 250 174 2,149 2,076 728 1,638 1,272 336 760
  Women
Earnings 69.7 58.2 29.4 75.4 66.1 41.2 68.4 63.1 38.1
Wages and salaries 67.5 56.4 27.9 72.0 62.6 38.7 65.5 58.4 36.3
Self-employment 5.0 5.2 3.1 6.1 7.6 4.1 6.5 5.1 3.7
Retirement benefits 42.7 65.0 93.1 27.1 49.6 86.8 31.1 44.9 76.8
Social Security 27.7 57.8 90.8 18.8 40.5 82.5 24.2 35.8 71.2
Benefits other than Social Security 21.8 31.0 35.5 12.9 20.8 31.2 10.2 18.2 36.2
Other public pensions 8.5 13.4 13.1 6.7 8.3 12.9 4.0 9.2 14.5
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0 0.7 0 0.4 0.1 0 0.2 0.3
Government employee pensions 8.3 13.4 12.5 6.7 7.9 12.8 4.0 9.0 14.2
Military 2.4 2.9 2.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0 0.8 0.7
Federal 1.9 2.1 3.0 1.8 1.3 3.0 1.4 2.0 3.0
State or local 4.3 9.0 8.0 4.0 5.7 9.1 2.6 6.2 10.8
Private pensions or annuities 13.6 20.5 24.1 6.7 13.1 18.8 6.8 9.1 24.0
Income from assets 41.1 46.8 49.3 40.7 44.9 47.6 39.5 42.8 44.7
Interest 38.0 44.5 46.3 37.8 42.2 44.6 37.8 40.2 42.2
Other income from assets 16.3 16.7 20.3 16.2 19.8 19.1 16.2 18.2 19.6
Dividends 12.4 10.9 15.8 14.5 16.5 15.6 14.6 17.0 14.8
Rent or royalties 6.7 7.7 7.4 3.0 6.4 5.4 3.1 3.2 6.5
Estates or trusts 0.4 0 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.4 0.1 1.4 0.1
Veterans' benefits 2.6 4.1 2.6 1.3 1.4 1.2 0.5 2.3 0.7
Unemployment compensation 8.4 5.9 3.5 10.1 7.7 4.6 6.7 3.5 3.4
Workers' compensation 1.7 1.3 0.4 0.8 0.5 1.2 0.2 0 0.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 26.9 15.8 18.4 23.0 20.3 24.4 26.4 28.0 24.2
Cash public assistance 13.3 4.5 5.6 11.3 7.3 9.7 13.6 12.5 10.5
Supplemental Security Income 11.5 4.0 5.2 9.8 6.5 9.2 12.5 11.3 9.9
Other 2.3 0.9 0.6 1.8 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.0
Noncash benefits 22.5 15.2 15.9 19.3 18.4 21.3 22.9 24.6 19.1
Food 17.1 12.1 9.5 15.3 12.7 13.2 17.4 16.4 12.4
Energy 8.0 3.9 5.5 7.3 6.2 8.5 6.6 9.9 5.1
Housing 6.2 3.0 6.4 5.9 7.3 9.8 8.3 11.4 8.5
Personal contributions 2.3 2.0 1.8 7.0 6.4 4.1 2.2 2.1 2.1
Number (thousands) 996 652 8,525 2,470 914 2,512 1,163 382 963
 
Family Income Sources of Persons 65 or Older Table 2.B6 Percentage with family income from specified source, by number of persons in family and quintile of per-capita family total money income, 2010
Source of family income Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth
  All persons
Earnings 38.2 19.8 24.5 33.7 48.5 64.4
Wages and salaries 35.2 17.9 22.6 31.2 44.9 59.3
Self-employment 6.4 3.1 3.5 4.6 7.6 13.1
Retirement benefits 90.9 81.7 95.3 95.7 93.6 88.0
Social Security 88.0 79.6 93.6 93.7 90.4 82.9
Benefits other than Social Security 43.0 11.0 29.4 51.3 64.6 58.4
Other public pensions 17.1 3.8 8.3 16.1 27.8 29.8
Railroad Retirement 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.8 1.2 0.5
Government employee pensions 16.5 3.4 7.6 15.5 26.7 29.2
Military 2.3 0.3 0.6 1.8 4.3 4.5
Federal 4.5 1.2 2.7 4.2 7.5 7.1
State or local 10.6 2.0 4.5 9.9 16.4 20.2
Private pensions or annuities 28.9 7.6 22.1 37.8 42.6 34.4
Income from assets 56.9 27.7 44.5 59.0 70.1 83.2
Interest 53.8 26.0 41.8 55.7 66.5 79.0
Other income from assets 27.1 8.0 15.9 23.8 33.9 54.1
Dividends 22.0 6.1 11.4 19.6 27.2 45.5
Rent or royalties 9.1 2.2 5.6 7.2 10.8 19.8
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.5 1.0
Veterans' benefits 4.2 1.6 3.7 4.7 5.1 5.9
Unemployment compensation 3.9 3.3 3.1 4.6 4.9 3.5
Workers' compensation 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.9
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 12.2 31.2 15.9 7.8 4.0 1.9
Cash public assistance 4.6 12.7 4.0 3.0 2.1 1.2
Supplemental Security Income 4.1 11.7 3.6 2.5 1.8 1.0
Other 0.6 1.3 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.2
Noncash benefits 10.0 27.3 13.6 6.0 2.3 0.9
Food 6.3 19.6 6.7 3.1 1.3 0.6
Energy 3.3 8.8 5.3 1.8 0.5 0
Housing 3.8 9.7 5.6 2.5 0.8 0.2
Personal contributions 1.4 1.8 1.2 1.4 1.6 0.7
Number (thousands) 39,179 7,830 7,837 7,837 7,839 7,837
  Persons in 1-person families
Earnings 17.1 3.4 7.0 10.7 22.9 44.4
Wages and salaries 15.4 3.2 5.9 9.1 20.2 40.8
Self-employment 2.2 0.2 1.3 1.7 3.0 5.4
Retirement benefits 91.1 79.5 97.2 98.0 94.6 86.4
Social Security 88.1 77.9 95.9 95.4 91.6 79.5
Benefits other than Social Security 37.4 6.4 17.6 42.8 67.3 60.2
Other public pensions 13.1 2.0 4.0 11.1 23.5 28.1
Railroad Retirement 0.5 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.5 0.6
Government employee pensions 12.6 1.7 3.6 10.2 23.1 27.5
Military 1.8 0 0.3 0.9 3.6 4.7
Federal 3.2 0.9 1.1 2.3 5.9 6.2
State or local 8.2 0.8 2.2 7.2 14.1 18.6
Private pensions or annuities 25.5 4.5 13.8 32.5 46.2 35.1
Income from assets 50.2 22.7 37.9 49.9 66.6 78.8
Interest 46.6 21.3 35.2 46.4 61.2 73.5
Other income from assets 21.2 5.6 11.4 16.7 27.8 47.2
Dividends 16.7 4.4 7.6 13.7 21.1 38.9
Rent or royalties 7.1 1.5 4.3 4.7 8.6 17.2
Estates or trusts 0.4 0 0 0.3 0.5 1.3
Veterans' benefits 3.1 1.5 2.1 2.4 5.0 4.9
Unemployment compensation 1.1 0.4 0.5 1.0 2.3 1.7
Workers' compensation 0.3 0 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.7
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 17.4 38.4 26.7 11.5 5.1 1.5
Cash public assistance 4.2 13.5 3.9 1.7 1.1 0.2
Supplemental Security Income 4.1 13.2 3.7 1.7 1.1 0
Other 0.3 0.8 0.5 0 0 0.1
Noncash benefits 16.3 36.0 25.1 11.1 4.3 1.4
Food 8.4 23.3 10.7 4.0 1.2 0.7
Energy 5.8 12.3 9.7 4.4 1.4 0
Housing 8.9 18.9 14.3 6.3 2.6 0.7
Personal contributions 1.4 1.0 1.3 1.0 2.6 1.4
Number (thousands) 12,518 2,619 2,734 2,510 2,191 2,464
  Persons in 2-person families
Earnings 37.9 10.3 19.9 31.5 48.1 69.7
Wages and salaries 34.0 8.3 17.7 28.0 43.7 63.1
Self-employment 7.5 2.3 3.0 5.2 8.1 16.6
Retirement benefits 93.6 87.6 97.7 97.0 95.4 89.7
Social Security 91.0 85.2 95.9 95.5 92.1 86.1
Benefits other than Social Security 49.2 11.9 36.7 60.8 68.5 58.9
Other public pensions 20.8 4.7 10.8 20.3 31.7 31.6
Railroad Retirement 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.3 0.4
Government employee pensions 20.1 4.0 10.0 19.8 30.4 31.2
Military 2.7 0.4 0.6 2.4 4.8 4.7
Federal 5.7 1.1 3.6 6.1 9.1 7.5
State or local 13.0 2.6 6.1 11.9 18.8 22.0
Private pensions or annuities 32.7 7.7 27.5 44.1 44.5 34.6
Income from assets 63.4 32.2 51.9 66.0 72.1 85.8
Interest 60.5 30.6 49.0 63.0 68.9 82.3
Other income from assets 32.5 9.7 20.5 28.9 37.5 58.4
Dividends 26.7 8.1 15.0 24.2 30.1 49.6
Rent or royalties 10.8 2.0 6.9 8.7 12.4 21.2
Estates or trusts 0.4 0 0.2 0 0.6 1.0
Veterans' benefits 4.9 1.6 4.5 5.6 5.4 6.6
Unemployment compensation 3.2 2.0 1.8 4.0 4.3 3.5
Workers' compensation 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.5 1.0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.6 22.3 7.2 4.2 1.7 1.1
Cash public assistance 2.8 9.5 2.0 2.1 1.1 0.8
Supplemental Security Income 2.6 8.9 1.9 1.7 1.0 0.7
Other 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1
Noncash benefits 5.3 19.3 6.0 3.0 0.7 0.4
Food 3.4 13.7 2.5 1.9 0.5 0.4
Energy 1.9 6.6 3.2 0.9 0.2 0
Housing 1.5 6.5 1.3 0.9 0.1 0
Personal contributions 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.2
Number (thousands) 20,469 3,458 3,887 4,119 4,393 4,612
  Persons in families of 3 or more
Earnings 81.7 63.0 78.7 89.0 94.4 97.1
Wages and salaries 79.1 58.6 75.8 87.8 92.3 96.2
Self-employment 11.0 8.7 9.9 8.5 14.1 16.7
Retirement benefits 81.6 73.5 83.3 86.4 85.7 83.2
Social Security 78.3 71.1 80.8 84.2 82.1 75.0
Benefits other than Social Security 33.7 16.4 32.5 36.9 46.3 49.5
Other public pensions 13.0 5.0 9.7 11.9 21.7 24.5
Railroad Retirement 0.9 0.2 1.1 0.3 1.9 1.5
Government employee pensions 12.2 4.8 8.8 11.6 19.8 23.0
Military 1.9 0.7 1.1 1.5 4.2 3.0
Federal 3.4 1.7 3.4 1.8 5.0 7.7
State or local 7.4 2.5 4.6 8.4 11.7 14.0
Private pensions or annuities 23.2 11.9 23.5 27.7 29.8 30.5
Income from assets 49.0 26.5 35.8 53.7 68.9 81.5
Interest 46.3 23.8 33.9 50.1 67.5 77.2
Other income from assets 21.4 8.2 11.4 21.3 32.3 50.2
Dividends 16.9 4.6 8.4 16.0 27.7 42.5
Rent or royalties 7.7 3.6 4.7 7.3 9.3 19.8
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.9 0 0.3 0.2 0.3
Veterans' benefits 4.1 1.9 4.5 6.0 4.5 4.9
Unemployment compensation 11.8 10.1 13.2 14.0 11.9 9.4
Workers' compensation 1.6 1.6 1.0 1.6 2.3 1.6
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 20.0 38.1 19.3 12.7 10.0 7.6
Cash public assistance 11.1 17.8 10.6 8.8 7.2 6.6
Supplemental Security Income 9.3 15.2 8.9 6.8 6.1 5.4
Other 2.1 3.2 1.8 1.9 1.3 1.2
Noncash benefits 13.0 30.3 11.7 5.4 4.1 1.7
Food 11.6 25.7 11.2 5.4 4.1 1.7
Energy 2.6 7.9 1.7 0 0 0
Housing 0.7 2.5 0 0.2 0 0
Personal contributions 4.1 4.8 2.6 5.4 4.9 1.0
Number (thousands) 6,192 1,753 1,217 1,207 1,254 760
NOTE: Per-capita family total money income quintile limits are $11,417, $16,710, $24,007, and $38,237.
Family Income Sources of Persons 65 or Older Table 2.B7 Percentage with family income from specified source, by sex and ratio of family total money income to the poverty threshold, 2010
Source of family income All persons Men Women
Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more
Earnings 10.1 14.1 13.0 19.6 50.5 11.8 16.3 13.8 21.8 51.4 9.3 12.8 12.6 18.2 49.7
Wages and salaries 9.5 11.7 11.2 17.5 46.8 11.0 13.6 11.3 18.9 47.4 8.8 10.6 11.1 16.7 46.2
Self-employment 1.1 3.2 2.2 3.1 8.5 1.4 4.4 3.0 4.2 9.3 0.9 2.4 1.8 2.3 7.7
Retirement benefits 72.2 92.2 95.3 95.0 92.0 65.6 89.1 94.2 93.5 92.0 75.5 93.9 95.8 96.0 92.1
Social Security 69.9 90.4 93.9 92.6 88.8 62.9 88.1 92.3 91.0 88.8 73.3 91.8 94.7 93.6 88.8
Benefits other than Social Security 6.5 11.7 15.7 29.5 56.2 6.1 8.2 12.6 26.1 57.3 6.8 13.7 17.3 31.7 55.3
Other public pensions 2.0 3.7 4.5 8.0 23.5 2.2 2.5 3.3 7.0 23.5 2.0 4.4 5.2 8.6 23.6
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.8 0.9 0.5 0 0.4 0.8 0.9 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.8
Government employee pensions 1.8 3.3 4.1 7.2 22.8 1.7 2.4 2.9 6.3 22.7 1.8 3.9 4.7 7.8 22.9
Military 0 0.4 0.5 0.5 3.3 0.1 0.2 0 0.4 3.6 0 0.4 0.8 0.6 3.1
Federal 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.9 6.2 0.8 1.3 1.0 2.0 6.5 1.0 1.0 1.6 1.9 5.9
State or local 0.8 1.9 2.2 4.9 14.7 0.8 0.9 1.9 3.9 14.1 0.8 2.5 2.3 5.5 15.3
Private pensions or annuities 4.6 8.2 11.6 22.1 37.2 4.0 5.7 9.6 19.4 38.5 4.9 9.7 12.5 23.8 36.1
Income from assets 21.6 29.9 35.6 43.2 69.1 22.9 25.0 31.7 40.4 69.5 20.9 32.7 37.6 45.1 68.7
Interest 19.8 28.5 33.2 40.2 65.6 20.4 23.8 28.9 36.9 66.1 19.6 31.2 35.3 42.3 65.1
Other income from assets 6.5 7.4 10.9 14.4 36.0 6.6 6.9 9.6 14.4 36.1 6.5 7.7 11.6 14.3 35.8
Dividends 4.9 4.8 8.1 10.5 29.5 4.5 4.7 7.2 10.2 29.8 5.1 4.9 8.5 10.7 29.3
Rent or royalties 2.0 2.5 3.5 4.3 12.2 2.6 1.8 3.3 4.6 12.1 1.7 2.9 3.6 4.1 12.4
Estates or trusts 0 0.4 0 0.4 0.5 0 0.4 0 0.2 0.4 0 0.5 0 0.5 0.6
Veterans' benefits 1.5 1.6 1.4 3.1 5.3 2.3 3.2 2.6 4.8 6.1 1.1 0.7 0.8 2.0 4.6
Unemployment compensation 1.9 1.1 2.1 2.5 4.9 2.5 1.1 2.6 2.9 5.0 1.7 1.1 1.8 2.3 4.7
Workers' compensation 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.6 0.8 0 1.1 0 0.7 0.7 0.2 0 0.2 0.5 0.8
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 36.1 34.8 24.1 16.3 4.8 31.2 34.4 22.4 14.7 4.1 38.5 35.0 24.9 17.3 5.4
Cash public assistance 13.8 11.2 7.0 4.5 2.5 12.6 12.5 8.0 3.5 2.1 14.4 10.4 6.6 5.1 2.9
Supplemental Security Income 13.0 10.1 6.6 4.0 2.1 12.1 10.8 7.3 3.0 1.7 13.4 9.7 6.3 4.6 2.5
Other 1.2 1.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 1.9 1.2 0.6 0.4 1.5 1.2 0.3 0.6 0.4
Noncash benefits 33.5 31.5 21.1 14.0 2.9 28.3 30.6 19.1 12.7 2.5 36.0 32.0 22.0 14.8 3.3
Food 24.8 19.6 10.0 7.4 1.9 20.5 22.3 9.3 6.1 1.7 26.9 18.1 10.3 8.2 2.1
Energy 11.0 11.9 7.2 5.0 0.7 8.4 9.8 6.9 4.1 0.5 12.3 13.0 7.4 5.6 0.9
Housing 13.4 13.6 10.0 5.3 0.6 10.0 12.0 8.6 5.4 0.6 15.1 14.5 10.7 5.2 0.7
Personal contributions 1.4 1.6 1.3 1.7 1.3 1.2 1.9 1.0 1.4 0.7 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.8 1.8
Number (thousands) 3,521 2,253 2,698 5,077 25,630 1,153 830 893 1,956 12,249 2,368 1,423 1,805 3,121 13,381
NOTE: The family money income of aged persons is compared with the official poverty lines of families in 2010.
Family Income Sources of Persons 65 or Older in Beneficiary Families Table 2.B8 Percentage with family income from specified source, by proportion of family income from Social Security and sex, 2010
Source of family income Proportion of family income from Social Security
Less than 50 percent 50–89 percent 90–99 percent 100 percent
All persons Men Women All persons Men Women All persons Men Women All persons Men Women
Earnings 62.0 62.7 61.4 21.3 22.6 20.3 3.7 4.4 3.3 0 0 0
Wages and salaries 57.4 57.8 57.1 18.1 18.8 17.5 3.0 3.3 2.9 0 0 0
Self-employment 10.5 11.6 9.4 4.0 4.6 3.5 0.8 1.4 0.5 0 0 0
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 58.8 60.9 57.0 60.0 60.7 59.5 18.5 19.2 18.0 0 0 0
Other public pensions 29.5 29.7 29.3 13.8 13.6 14.1 1.0 1.4 0.7 0 0 0
Railroad Retirement 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0
Government employee pensions 29.2 29.4 29.0 13.5 13.2 13.7 1.0 1.4 0.7 0 0 0
Military 4.4 4.9 3.9 1.7 1.7 1.8 0 0 0 0 0 0
Federal 8.5 8.7 8.2 2.5 2.6 2.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 0 0 0
State or local 18.4 17.9 18.7 9.5 9.1 9.8 0.6 0.9 0.4 0 0 0
Private pensions or annuities 35.2 37.5 33.2 48.6 49.8 47.7 17.5 17.8 17.3 0 0 0
Income from assets 71.1 72.3 70.0 61.5 62.1 61.1 80.9 78.9 82.0 0 0 0
Interest 66.9 68.5 65.5 57.3 57.7 57.0 76.6 73.8 78.2 0 0 0
Other income from assets 40.2 40.8 39.7 26.9 27.6 26.3 21.7 21.8 21.6 0 0 0
Dividends 32.7 33.4 32.0 21.1 21.8 20.6 17.8 18.3 17.6 0 0 0
Rent or royalties 14.8 14.4 15.2 8.1 8.4 7.8 4.6 4.7 4.6 0 0 0
Estates or trusts 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 6.3 7.6 5.2 4.7 5.7 4.0 3.1 4.4 2.3 0 0 0
Unemployment compensation 6.1 6.2 6.0 2.7 2.9 2.6 0.3 0.6 0.1 0 0 0
Workers' compensation 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.6 5.3 7.7 11.6 8.9 13.5 14.7 12.5 15.9 22.8 19.1 25.0
Cash public assistance 3.6 3.0 4.1 5.8 4.2 7.0 3.5 3.3 3.7 0 0 0
Supplemental Security Income 3.1 2.4 3.6 5.4 3.7 6.6 2.8 2.5 3.0 0 0 0
Other 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.8 1.0 0 0 0
Noncash benefits 4.3 3.3 5.2 9.5 7.3 11.1 13.3 11.2 14.7 22.8 19.1 25.0
Food 3.2 2.5 3.9 5.5 4.4 6.2 6.8 5.1 7.8 13.5 11.6 14.7
Energy 1.0 0.5 1.4 3.9 2.7 4.8 5.1 3.6 6.0 8.0 6.5 8.9
Housing 1.1 0.9 1.2 3.3 2.3 4.1 6.5 5.5 7.1 10.2 8.3 11.3
Personal contributions 1.8 1.1 2.4 1.3 0.8 1.7 0.5 0.7 0.4 0 0 0
Number (thousands) 15,290 7,239 8,050 9,816 4,158 5,658 3,815 1,439 2,376 5,271 1,949 3,323
NOTE: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.