SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004

 

Section 1619 Participants

Chart 6. Percentage distribution, by state, December 2004

The state distribution of section 1619 cases mirrors that for all working recipients in Chart 2. Proportions of section 1619 cases were higher in the Midwest and lower in the South.

Map linked to data in table format.
SOURCE: Table 9.
Chart 7. Percentage distribution, by age, December 2004

Recipients who benefit from section 1619(a) are younger than those who benefit from 1619(b).

Bar chart linked to data in table format.
SOURCE: Table 12.
Chart 8. Percentage distribution, by diagnostic group, December 2004

As with all working recipients, the majority of the section 1619 participants were diagnosed with a mental disorder. Two-thirds of participants under section 1619(a) and three-fifths of participants under section 1619(b) had either mental retardation or other mental disorders.

Bar chart linked to data in table format.
SOURCE: Table 13.
Table 8. Number and percentage change from prior period, selected months 1982–2004
Month Section 1619(a) participants Section 1619(b) participants a
Number Percentage
change from
prior period
Number Percentage
change from
prior period
December
1982 287 . . . 5,515 . . .
1983 392 36.6 5,165 -6.3
1984 -- -- -- --
1985 -- -- -- --
1986 -- -- -- --
1987 14,559 . . . 15,632 . . .
1988 19,920 36.8 15,625 0
1989 25,655 28.8 18,254 16.8
1990 13,994 -45.5 23,517 28.8
1991 15,531 11.0 27,264 15.9
1992 17,603 13.3 31,649 16.1
1993 20,028 13.8 35,299 11.5
1994 24,315 21.4 40,683 15.3
1995 28,060 15.4 47,002 15.5
1996 31,085 10.8 51,905 10.4
1997 34,673 11.5 57,089 10.0
1998 37,271 7.5 59,542 4.3
1999 25,528 -31.5 69,265 16.3
2000 27,542 7.9 83,572 20.7
2001 22,100 -19.8 76,455 -8.5
2002 17,271 -21.9 82,177 7.5
2003 17,130 -0.8 71,097 -13.5
2004 17,115 -0.1 73,681 3.6
2002
March 21,417 -3.1 72,595 -5.0
June 20,922 -2.3 77,349 6.5
September 20,275 -3.1 82,373 6.5
December 17,271 -14.8 82,177 -0.2
2003
March 16,771 -2.9 74,558 -9.3
June 16,539 -1.4 72,016 -3.4
September 16,562 0.1 73,576 2.2
December 17,130 3.4 71,097 -3.4
2004
March 16,879 -1.5 69,532 -2.2
June 16,587 -1.7 72,898 4.8
September 16,891 1.8 75,657 3.8
December 17,115 1.3 73,681 -2.6
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTES: When the substantial gainful activity (SGA) level is periodically raised, SSI recipients with earnings below the increased SGA level become eligible for regular SSI benefits rather than the special cash payments under section 1619(a). This can lead to decreases in the number of 1619(a) participants.
. . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a. Includes blind participants. Of the 73,681 participants in December 2004, 1,178 were blind.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.
Table 9. Ranking of state or other area, by section 1619 participants as a percentage of all blind and disabled recipients in state aged 18–64, December 2004
State or area Ranking All blind
and disabled
recipients a
Section 1619 participants
Number Percent
All areas 4,088,303 88,077 2.15
North Dakota 1 5,450 352 6.46
South Dakota 2 7,938 503 6.34
Wyoming 3 4,158 241 5.80
Iowa 4 30,377 1,582 5.21
Minnesota 5 46,892 2,358 5.03
Vermont 6 9,196 426 4.63
Wisconsin 7 60,431 2,639 4.37
Nebraska 8 15,433 648 4.20
Kansas 9 26,024 1,043 4.01
New Hampshire 10 9,833 393 4.00
Montana 11 10,595 420 3.96
Idaho 12 14,653 552 3.77
Utah 13 14,456 536 3.71
Connecticut 14 33,782 1,177 3.48
Delaware 15 8,189 284 3.47
Massachusetts 16 107,148 3,424 3.20
Maine 17 23,537 748 3.18
Alaska 18 6,860 209 3.05
Washington 19 74,331 2,084 2.80
Maryland 20 54,993 1,517 2.76
Colorado 21 34,773 953 2.74
Oregon 22 39,370 1,048 2.66
Indiana 23 65,266 1,655 2.54
New Jersey 24 80,358 2,010 2.50
Nevada 25 18,289 455 2.49
Missouri 26 78,643 1,925 2.45
Michigan 27 149,621 3,619 2.42
Rhode Island 28 18,906 440 2.33
Virginia 29 79,226 1,832 2.31
New York 30 340,928 7,655 2.25
District of Columbia 31 12,523 277 2.21
Illinois 32 157,798 3,466 2.20
Ohio 33 170,915 3,650 2.14
New Mexico 34 30,000 638 2.13
Pennsylvania 35 203,092 4,258 2.10
Hawaii 36 12,487 254 2.03
Arizona 37 56,199 1,107 1.97
Florida 38 200,953 3,826 1.90
Northern Mariana Islands 39 385 7 1.82
California 40 585,721 10,495 1.79
Louisiana 41 101,941 1,752 1.72
Arkansas 42 52,408 883 1.68
North Carolina 43 112,521 1,872 1.66
Oklahoma 44 49,330 797 1.62
Texas 45 241,756 3,849 1.59
Georgia 46 117,699 1,831 1.56
South Carolina 47 62,345 960 1.54
Tennessee 48 102,986 1,374 1.33
Mississippi 49 72,009 949 1.32
West Virginia 50 55,821 644 1.15
Alabama 51 99,709 1,120 1.12
Kentucky 52 120,049 1,340 1.12
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.
Table 10. Section 1619(a) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months, 2003–2004
State or area December 2003 September 2004 December 2004
Number Average
earnings
(dollars)
Number Average
earnings
(dollars)
Number Average
earnings
(dollars)
All areas 17,130 1,059 16,891 1,060 17,115 1,076
Alabama 219 1,000 248 1,018 250 1,037
Alaska 29 1,076 29 1,013 32 1,133
Arizona 209 1,018 205 1,028 206 1,044
Arkansas 149 1,008 133 1,008 152 1,013
California 3,568 1,169 3,686 1,166 3,788 1,181
Colorado 143 1,000 161 1,015 163 1,044
Connecticut 166 1,001 159 1,041 144 1,042
Delaware 36 991 39 1,013 42 1,032
District of Columbia 57 1,053 56 1,014 60 1,040
Florida 690 1,024 720 1,016 697 1,030
Georgia 319 1,005 314 1,005 338 1,014
Hawaii 41 1,017 54 1,012 62 1,033
Idaho 69 1,024 89 1,052 91 1,062
Illinois 738 1,017 657 1,020 701 1,024
Indiana 244 1,006 212 1,031 253 1,040
Iowa 197 1,027 183 1,024 185 1,051
Kansas 142 1,046 135 1,043 152 1,068
Kentucky 210 1,018 249 1,023 238 1,031
Louisiana 375 1,008 323 1,014 335 1,032
Maine 100 1,060 99 1,078 96 1,080
Maryland 274 1,018 279 1,028 310 1,041
Massachusetts 618 1,054 569 1,055 582 1,082
Michigan 598 1,024 600 1,032 606 1,033
Minnesota 278 1,042 236 1,027 262 1,059
Mississippi 203 1,017 197 1,020 194 1,017
Missouri 263 1,005 263 1,029 257 1,043
Montana 50 986 49 1,013 49 1,034
Nebraska 98 1,027 71 1,055 79 1,045
Nevada 66 1,029 66 1,028 78 1,065
New Hampshire 50 1,016 51 1,036 63 1,057
New Jersey 327 1,035 332 1,026 321 1,037
New Mexico 105 1,004 105 1,021 100 1,024
New York 1,665 1,070 1,536 1,065 1,617 1,086
North Carolina 284 1,024 337 1,009 292 1,019
North Dakota 26 1,014 35 1,018 37 1,032
Ohio 722 1,028 676 1,018 677 1,041
Oklahoma 139 1,025 121 1,009 143 1,022
Oregon 123 1,040 144 1,028 125 1,038
Pennsylvania 914 1,033 852 1,040 775 1,041
Rhode Island 85 1,064 72 1,052 85 1,099
South Carolina 162 1,016 148 1,026 136 1,030
South Dakota 54 1,052 55 1,012 60 1,063
Tennessee 255 1,024 247 1,025 256 1,047
Texas 713 1,023 740 1,008 643 1,024
Utah 81 1,023 83 1,004 79 1,023
Vermont 52 1,062 58 1,064 62 1,097
Virginia 315 1,029 307 1,013 321 1,043
Washington 407 1,039 425 1,035 421 1,056
West Virginia 124 1,033 134 1,034 127 1,039
Wisconsin 349 1,026 327 1,035 341 1,050
Wyoming 29 1,021 25 997 29 1,034
Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands a a a a 3 945
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.
Table 11. Section 1619(b) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months, 2003–2004
State or area December 2003 September 2004 December 2004
Number Average
earnings
(dollars)
Number Average
earnings
(dollars)
Number Average
earnings
(dollars)
All areas 71,097 1,081 75,657 1,097 73,681 1,070
Alabama 902 1,204 956 1,180 903 1,110
Alaska a 154 1,175 193 1,163 178 1,183
Arizona 879 1,165 960 1,165 944 1,104
Arkansas 739 1,027 764 1,058 778 1,004
California 6,497 1,390 7,225 1,420 7,216 1,399
Colorado 807 1,074 857 1,080 809 1,021
Connecticut a 1,058 954 1,057 992 1,056 979
Delaware 242 1,159 266 1,189 246 1,123
District of Columbia 219 1,432 241 1,444 239 1,441
Florida 3,174 1,099 3,403 1,134 3,248 1,094
Georgia 1,454 1,070 1,629 1,089 1,558 1,055
Hawaii a 150 1,065 190 1,134 203 1,148
Idaho a 423 987 480 951 470 957
Illinois a 2,711 1,051 2,852 1,075 2,875 1,078
Indiana a 1,427 957 1,495 985 1,434 944
Iowa 1,487 794 1,541 834 1,419 819
Kansas a 935 927 940 928 930 867
Kentucky 1,125 1,106 1,128 1,104 1,141 1,069
Louisiana 1,424 1,040 1,512 1,031 1,464 1,001
Maine 643 988 677 990 662 988
Maryland 1,219 1,164 1,318 1,176 1,241 1,131
Massachusetts 2,876 1,171 3,026 1,206 2,979 1,200
Michigan 3,143 1,028 3,233 1,027 3,124 989
Minnesota a 2,044 914 2,203 885 2,150 863
Mississippi 783 1,138 838 1,184 785 1,123
Missouri a 1,709 914 1,754 902 1,717 879
Montana 373 846 406 865 383 876
Nebraska a 587 885 595 942 579 933
Nevada a 302 1,172 398 1,212 392 1,211
New Hampshire a 330 911 352 967 339 985
New Jersey 1,694 1,230 1,795 1,189 1,752 1,166
New Mexico 586 1,084 578 1,080 568 1,080
New York 5,979 1,270 6,336 1,250 6,242 1,221
North Carolina 1,576 1,010 1,677 1,021 1,629 1,009
North Dakota a 286 797 322 805 319 815
Ohio a 3,058 960 3,217 970 3,072 950
Oklahoma a 566 853 687 855 676 840
Oregon a 919 855 971 909 945 900
Pennsylvania 3,623 1,044 3,940 1,071 3,587 1,025
Rhode Island 368 1,064 388 1,127 367 1,105
South Carolina 831 994 877 991 858 945
South Dakota 472 827 466 839 458 776
Tennessee 1,177 1,108 1,217 1,143 1,178 1,085
Texas 3,302 1,024 3,354 1,036 3,342 1,008
Utah a 422 946 489 1,019 471 889
Vermont 351 919 380 973 378 946
Virginia a 1,441 1,021 1,560 1,066 1,554 1,043
Washington 1,627 1,117 1,785 1,119 1,721 1,116
West Virginia 454 1,112 509 1,156 525 1,140
Wisconsin 2,360 899 2,393 916 2,351 884
Wyoming 181 812 220 900 222 827
Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands 8 1,220 7 1,194 4 1,080
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. The Social Security Administration identifies persons as potential participants; final Medicaid determinations are made by the state.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.
Table 12. Number and average earnings, by selected characteristics, December 2004
Characteristic Section 1619(a) participants Section 1619(b) participants
Number Average
earnings
(dollars)
Number Average
earnings
(dollars)
All participants 17,115 1,076 73,681 1,070
Age
Under 18 112 1,008 148 --
18–21 1,875 1,048 2,867 1,193
22–29 4,537 1,067 17,801 1,120
30–39 4,516 1,081 20,246 1,058
40–49 3,760 1,089 18,175 1,050
50–59 1,832 1,085 9,431 1,062
60–64 362 1,102 2,675 972
65 or older 121 1,062 2,338 905
Sex
Male 9,374 1,088 38,415 1,089
Female 7,741 1,061 35,266 1,050
Earned income a
Wages 16,589 1,078 71,570 1,077
Self-employment 629 1,017 2,694 953
Earnings (dollars)
Less than 400 . . . . . . 10,030 268
400–499 . . . . . . 6,012 435
500–599 . . . . . . 7,162 529
600–699 . . . . . . 6,591 630
700–899 2,391 860 9,211 775
900–1,199 10,290 1,017 7,177 1,012
1,200 or more 4,434 1,328 27,498 1,862
Unearned income a
None 15,196 1,077 22,714 1,709
Social Security 573 1,031 47,722 728
Other pensions 33 1,077 470 940
Income based on need 2 1,124 22 1,712
Asset income 893 1,101 4,336 989
Other 507 1,045 3,335 1,230
Work incentives a
Plans for achieving self-support b 163 1,339 0 0
Impairment-related work expenses 511 1,126 1,583 969
Blind work expenses 4 1,752 581 1,409
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: -- = not available; . . . = not applicable.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of earned or unearned income, or both earned and unearned income, or benefit from more than one work incentive provision.
b. Includes 16 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.
Table 13. Percentage distribution of participants aged 18–64, by diagnostic group, December 2004
Diagnostic group All blind
and disabled
recipients
Section 1619(a)
participants
Section 1619(b)
participants
Total
Number 4,017,108 16,882 71,195
Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies 0.6 0.8 0.8
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 3.7 1.8 2.0
Infectious and parasitic diseases 1.7 1.5 1.8
Injuries 2.6 1.8 2.2
Mental disorders
Retardation 21.9 34.0 31.4
Schizophrenia 9.9 8.6 8.8
Other 25.3 23.4 21.5
Neoplasms 1.1 1.0 1.1
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs 0.4 0.8 0.6
Circulatory system 4.5 1.4 1.7
Digestive system 0.9 0.4 0.6
Genitourinary system 1.0 1.0 1.2
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 9.9 3.8 5.2
Nervous system and sense organs a 7.8 10.5 10.1
Respiratory system 2.1 1.1 1.0
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.2 0.1 0.1
Other 0.2 0.4 0.2
Unknown 6.2 7.6 9.8
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: Effective with the December 2002 edition, all recipients in each recipient category are included when computing percentages for each diagnostic category. Previously, only recipients with identified diagnoses were included in this computation.
a. Most disabled recipients classified as blind are included in this category. A few blind recipients with a primary impairment other than diseases of the eye are coded in other categories. Also, a few recipients are classified with diseases of the eye, but their impairment does not meet the definition of blindness.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.