You are here: Social Security Administration > Office of Retirement Policy > Current Law Fact Sheets > Population Profiles > Child Beneficiaries & Poverty
- Child Beneficiaries
- Marital Status
- Taxable Maximum
Child Beneficiariesa & Poverty
Released: September 2011
- At the end of 2009, 3.2 million children received Social Security benefits, about 6 percent of all beneficiaries.b
- Social Security benefits lifted at least 1.3 million children out of poverty in 2005.c
- Without Social Security benefits, more than twice as many children living in Social Security beneficiary families would be poor.
- Social Security is a major source of income for children in beneficiary families.
Poverty Rates with and Without Social Security Benefits, 2004
SOURCE: Tamborini, Christopher R., and Emily Cupito, Social Insurance and Children: The Impact of Social Security and Family Context on the Economic Security of Child Beneficiaries, paper presented at APPAM Conference, October 26, 2010.
Average Percentage of Family Income from Social Security, 2004
SOURCE: Tamborini, Christopher R., Emily Cupito, and Dave Shoffner. 2011 "A Profile of Social Security Child Beneficiaries and their Families: Sociodemographic and Economic Characteristics." Social Security Bulletin 71(1): 1–15.
a. Minor children of insured workers, excludes disabled adult children and students.
c. Gabe, Thomas. 2008. Social Security's Effect on Child Poverty. CRS Report for Congress RL 33289.