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Marriage Trends and Women's Benefits:
Differences by Race-Ethnicity and Nativity

February 2014
Table equivalent for chart: Percentage of Women Ineligible for Social Security Spouse or Widow Benefits due to Marital History, by Age Group, Race-Ethnicity, and Nativity (among Hispanics), 1990 and 2009
Race-ethnicity and nativity Middle age
(40–49)
Late middle age (50–59)
1990 2008 1990 2008
All 13 22 8 16
White 11 20 6 14
Black 24 41 13 34
Hispanic 20 20 11 17
US-born Hispanic 23 28 7 21
Foreign-born Hispanic 16 13 15 14
SOURCE: Chart adapted from Iams and Tamborini (2012).
NOTE: Estimates are based on Survey of Income and Program Participation Marital History Modules in 1990 and 2009.