Summary Guide to Employment Supports for Persons With Disabilities under the Social Security Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security Income Programs

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

WHAT’S NEW IN 2014?

  • Automatic Adjustments Effective January 1, 2014

CONTACTING US

  • How to Reach Social Security
  • Request copies of the Red Book or other SSA Publications

HOW DO WE DEFINE DISABILITY?

  • Our Definition of Disability
  • What is Substantial Gainful Activity (SGA)?
  • How Do We Evaluate Your Work Activity fot SGA Purposes?
  • What If You Are Self-employed?

OVERVIEW OF OUR DISABILITY PROGRAMS

  • Social Security Disability Insurance Program (SSDI)
  • Supplemental Security Income Program (SSI)
  • When You Receive Both SSDI and SSI
  • Comparison of the SSDI and SSI Disability Programs

RETURNING TO WORK

  • What Are Your Responsibilities When You Return to Work?
  • When Will We Review Your Disability?
  • When Will Your Benefits Stop?

HOW DO EMPLOYMENT SUPPORTS HELP?

  • SSDI Employment Supports
  • SSI Employment Supports
  • Guide to Employment Supports

RESOURCES TO ASSIST YOU RETURN TO WORK

  • Work Incentive Liaison (WIL)
  • Area Work Incentives Coordinator (AWIC)
  • Benefits Planning Query (BPQY)
  • Work Incentives Seminar (WISE)
  • Employment Network and State Vocational Rehabilitation Providers
  • Individual Development Accounts (IDA)
  • American Job Centers
  • Job Accommodation Network (JAN)
  • Federal Employment of People with Disabilities
  • AmeriCorps

SSDI AND SSI EMPLOYMENTS SUPPORTS

  • Subsidy and Special Conditions
  • Unsuccessful Work Attempt (UWA)
  • Impairment-Related Work Expenses (IRWE)
  • Examples of Deductible and Non-Deductible IRWE
  • Plan to Achieve Self-Support (PASS)
  • Who Can Help You Set Up a PASS?
  • Examples of a PASS
  • Ticket to Work
  • Continued Payment under a Vocational Rehabilitation Program or Similar Program (Section 301)
  • Expedited Reinstatement (EXR)

SSDI ONLY EMPLOYMENT SUPPORTS

  • Trial Work Period (TWP)
  • Extended Period of Eligibility (EPE)
  • Unincurred Business Expenses (Self-Employment)
  • Continuation of Medicare Coverage
  • Medicare for Persons with Disabilities Who Work
  • SSDI at a Glance - What Happens When You Go to Work

SSI ONLY EMPLOYMENT SUPPORTS

  • Earned Income Exclusion
  • Examples of the Earned Income Exclusion
  • Student Earned Income Exclusion
  • Plan to Achieve Self-Support (PASS)
  • Property Essential to Self-Support (PESS)
  • Special SSI Payments for Persons Who Work - Section 1619(a)
  • Reinstating SSI Eligibility Without a New Application
  • Special Benefits for Persons Eligible under 1619 Who Enter a Medical Facility
  • Medicaid While Working – Section 1619(b
  • 2012 State Threshold Amounts for Persons with Disabilities
  • 2012 States with Separate Threshold Amounts for Blind Persons

SPECIAL RULES PERSONS WHO ARE BLIND

  • How SGA is Applied under SSDI to Persons Who Are Blind
  • Blind Work Expenses (BWE)
  • Comparison of Monthly SSI Payment With BWE Versus IRWE
  • Accommodations for Persons Who Are Blind or Visually-Impaired

ADDITIONAL HELP WITH HEALTH CARE FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

  • Medicaid Buy-In for Working Persons with Disabilities
  • Help with Medicare Part A Premiums

EXAMPLE OF CONCURRENT BENEFITS WITH EMPLOYMENT SUPPORTS

  • Summary of Example with Concurrent Benefits

DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS UPDATE

  • Accelerated Benefits
  • Benefit Offset National Demonstration (BOND)
  • Youth Transition Demonstration (YTD)
  • Current Events

GLOSSARY